Wendag - Debating Christianity and Religion Forum
'Oldest man-made structure' unearthed
July 14 2008 at 07:43AM
By Angelique Serrao
A stone calendar that is apparently older than 75 000 years has been discovered in Mpumalanga.
Adam's Calendar - as it has been named by the two South Africans who discovered the find - is reportedly the oldest man-made structure on Earth.
This astonishing claim, which could set the scientific world in a spin, has been made in a picture book which is being released worldwide on Monday.
'These guys are talking nonsense'
The two authors, Johan Heine and Michael Tellinger, are claiming that the find is older than Stonehenge and the Giza Pyramids.
Despite renowned academics' view that the stone structure is not what Heine and Tellinger claim it to be, the two explorers are determined to show the world that architecture began in South Africa.
Heine, who is a firefighting pilot, discovered the circular structure of stones, which lies at the tip of a mountain in Mpumalanga, when he was searching for a colleague's plane, which went down near the site in 2003. Immediately he noticed strange-looking stone monoliths which looked out of place in the area.
Heine invited Tellinger, a maverick scientist who caused controversy with his latest book, Slave Species of God, to study the monoliths.
"We invited four or five academics to come and look at the site, but with their typical dogmatic thinking, they said there was no way this was a human-built structure; they said it was just rocks," Tellinger said. "But now geologists, archaeologists and astrologers have all said it is something more than that."
Tellinger believes that the site ties up with an era when human beings first started painting in caves and started their migration into Europe and Asia from Africa between 60 000 and 70 000 years ago.
"We have evidence of early human consciousness through cave paintings, but what about their lives" Tellinger asked. "This has been overlooked by historians, and we believe that stone structures which lie all across Southern Africa are the earliest human structures ever made."
Tellinger said that once the world begins to hear of Adam's Calendar, SA could become the new Egypt, where archaeologists and astrologers will come to do research into a whole new period of human development.
He said they dated the rocks in several ways to come to the conclusion the stones were moved there 75 000 years ago.
"The most conclusive is the geology report, which proves without doubt that the rocks were both moved there from a few kilometres away and were worked with human hands."
The monoliths are dolomite while the bedrock is black reef cordite, said Tellinger. "There are also clear grooves, which someone has obviously carved onto the rock."
Heine and Tellinger found that the monoliths were placed into exact geometrical alignments and lined up exactly with north, south, east and west.
The two explorers also found that two of the central rocks work as a calendar, with a tall rock casting a shadow on a shorter, flat rock. The shadow moves across the rock in exactly one year.
Amanda Esterhuysen, a Wits University academic from the geography, archaeology and environmental sciences department, isn't that convinced, however.
"These guys are talking nonsense. We are doing extensive research in Mpumalanga and these sites are fairly well known.
"While we don't dispute that structures like this are man-made, there is no way it is 75 000 years old. The type of science they use to date these sites is highly questionable," she added.
A Rich and Diverse History
When historians first stumbled upon these structures they simply assumed that they were cattle kraal left behind by the Bantu people as they moved south and settled the land from around the 13th century. But research work done by people like Cyril Hromnik, Richard Wade, Johan Heine and a handful of others over the past twenty years, into ancient southern African history, has revealed that these stone structures are in fact more than just cattle kraal, but the remains of ancient temples and astronomical observatories of lost ancient civilisations that stretch back for thousands of years.
These circular ruins are spread over thousands of square kilometres. They can only truly be appreciated from the air, and those lucky enough to view these ruins from the air will be able to see hundreds of ruins in a one-hour trip.
Many of them have almost completely eroded or have been covered by the movement of soil, while some have survived and still display the great sizes of the original walls that stand 2,5 metres high and over a metre wide in places. Prof Guy Charlesworth of Wits University concurs that if these were the original heights of some of the walls, it would have taken thousands of years to erode to knee-height through the effects of nature alone.
An ancient road structure that is still visible for hundreds of kilometres once connected most or all of these ruins. It becomes evident that this was no accidental settlement but a well planned and evolved civilisation that were mining gold and had some means of transport. Extended agricultural terraces are spread over large areas, often resembling scenes from the Inca settlements in Peru. This would suggest that these people had a good knowledge of agriculture and planted produce extensively.
There is no real count or audit of these ruins at present, but it is estimated by those who have been flying over them for many years that there must be around 20,000 structures scattered all over southern and east Africa.
Many of the circular structures are aligned to specific geographic points including solstices and equinoxes. But only when Johan Heine began to experiment with other possible encoded geometry, that the real hidden secrets of the ruins began to emerge. They are riddled with sacred geometry, Reiki symbolism and the Phi factor or golden ratio of 1,618.
The discovery of the ancient stone calendar site by Johan Heine (Adam’s Calendar) in among all these stone dwellings and temples, would suggest that some of the structures would date back to the same era as the calendar some 75,000 years ago. It shows us with a certain level of clarity that these lost civilisations have been around for much longer than anyone could ever have imagined. It would not be absurd to then suggest that we may be staring at the very first concentrated human settlements inhabited by the early Homo sapiens.
Human history on Earth cannot be separated from gold. Since the earliest of times, humans have been obsessed with gold and have been mining it in all kinds of ways. Even God, as early as Genesis 2, displays his own obsession with gold when he talks about the garden of Eden where there was gold.
There are at least 2000 ancient gold mines scattered throughout Southern Africa, in close proximity to the ruins. Many speculations have been thrown about by all and sundry about the land of Ophir, its location and the whereabouts of Queen Sheba. Most of these speculations tend to point to southern Africa as its most likely location. And why not? This is after all the place where most of the gold in the world has been mined in modern history, and it was no different in ancient times. Is it a coincidence that the richest gold mine in the world today, Sheba Gold Mine, is located right here in Mpumalanga, South Africa?
Could these ancient settlements actually be the lost kingdom of Queen Sheba and the mines that provided King Solomon with all his riches?
Lees verder by MaKomati.
Met erkenning aan die MaKomati Stigting.
The Calendar Stones
A dramatic view of Adamís Calendar showing the carved edge of the front stone. These stones were most likely brought here from about 2 -5 kilometres away and placed into position. It seems the front stone was positioned so that the right edge caught the setting sun in the summer months. After this the left edge was carved to the exact point so that it would cast a shadow on the flat calendar rock during the winter months.
This ruin has become the subject of much research and measurement by John Heine. There are multiple alignments with the cardinal geographical points. The perfect hexagon is formed by inserting the length of the flattened edge across the top right side into the circle. Notice the completely eroded and ruined walls and structures around the site that possibly indicate this was originally a much older structure that was rebuilt or maintained after the other structures around it became obsolete. When viewed from certain angles some distance away, the completely eroded remains of a much larger complex settlement is clearly visible.
The Hindu Influence
This is a well known symbol of fertility in Hindu culture. There is much evidence that there was an abundance of Hindu, Chinese and Arabic gold miners trading with the east as far back as 2000 BC or even earlier. The question that needs to be asked is: Is it possible that all these symbols originated in Africa with the early humans and get dispersed around the globe, only to return back thousands of years later as adapted by their newly civilised custodians? The more research done around these magnificent ruins, the more it seems that much of the basic stone building styles and architecture also originated here in southern Africa along with the early humans. The similarities can be seen all over the world.
The badly eroded ruins are linked by ancient roads that run for hundreds of kilometres when added up. What did they need roads for?
Seeing these magnificent ruined structures from the air, forces us to reconsider the size of the ancient population that lived in these part of southern Africa thousands of years ago. While some walls have remained, many of the lesser walls of the larger extended settlement have eroded to the ground. But the complexity and size of the original expanse is still clearly visible. Unfortunately this effect is completely lost to visitors on the ground and from my own experience you would not even know that you are in the centre of such a complex at ground level. This has caused much destruction by developers, landowners and forestry, mostly due to ignorance and disinformation from esteemed academics who have claimed that these ruins are just cattle kraal, of no historic importance.
Destruction of ancient ruins:
Thousands of impressive ruins like this one have been destroyed by forestry over the last century. Here they put a road right through the ruin, pushing aside some huge monoliths that were arranged in the middle. The purpose and its original layout will never be known. It is however encouraging that SAPPI, a forestry giant in southern Africa has acknowledged the significance of these ruins and has begun a program to maintain and preserve some of the ruins on their land.
Large Ancient Populations:
One of the most perplexing things about these ruins is the size of the population that they must have housed. The settlement of southern Africa by the Bantu people only started in the 13th century and took several centuries before there were any substantial numbers of African settlers from the north here in the southern part. Anthropologists claim that the influx of Bantu settlers from the north happened in very small groups, the largest being no more that 300 people. At the time of the South African War (Boer War) there were no more than 800 black settlers from north and east Africa who over time became known by the names we call them today. And yet there are thousands of ruins dating back thousands of years suggesting there must have been a population of between 200,000 and 600,000 people living here long before we previously imagined.
This is now certainly playing havoc with many academic minds since they have never before been asked to stretch their imagination this far back in time to actual human activity.
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This is a famous ruin near Waterval Boven, Mpumalanga. Dr. Cyril Hromnik has done much research in this area showing the presence of Asian/Indian/Dravidian gold miners here some 2000 years ago or even further back in time.
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