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Stefanus
1st January 2010, 20:31
THE DAYS OF NOAH
and the "Sons of God"


One of the most fascinating topics to be found in our study of the Bible is that of its record regarding the early earth, that first great era in the history of our world, sometimes referred to as the antediluvian age. It is an age shrouded in mystery and wonder, an age pertaining not only to a lost world but an age separated from us in time by a great dividing epoch of catastrophic world changing events. It is an account of that world of human glory and depravity, and demonic intervention; a world which was totally destroyed in the great judgment of the Flood several thousand years ago, a flood which left our world vastly and permanently different. Even though the evidence of this great event is abundant in the traditions of many cultures around the world and confirmed in many of the disciplines, the only direct information that we have of this early period in the Earth's history is found in the first few chapters of the book of Genesis and a few other relatively brief references scattered throughout the rest of Scripture.

Because portions of this subject and related matters touch upon issues of demonology it has been objected that "we should focus our attention on Christ not on the Devil." Yet, among things, such an objection would tend to perpetuate the somewhat obscure understanding of this important passage of Scripture. Furthermore, if our victory as believers is to be complete, it is incumbent upon us to study all of the Scriptures, for as in any military engagement a knowledge of the enemy is necessary. That we will be engaged with this enemy is of a certainty pointed out most graphically by the Apostle Paul in Ephesians 6:10-18. Finally, our Lord Himself exhorts us to study the details of that early age, the likes of which will be repeated shortly before His second coming. Thus, if any ask whether this question is worth laboring, we can but reply that all of Scripture is given to us by the love and wisdom of God and it must be of essential value and importance to accurately understand it.

Two days before the crucifixion of Christ, His disciples asked Him, "What shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the age?" (Matthew 24:3) His reply pointed to a number of "signs," all of which together would occur in that generation which would see the signs, and which would be the sign they had requested. These signs were climaxed with the prophetic warning, "But as the days of Noe were, so shall the coming of the Son of Man be, For as in the days that were before the Flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the Ark, and knew not until the Flood came and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of Man be" (Matthew 24:37-39). Thus did Jesus not only verify the historicity of antediluvian culture and the great Flood, and remind us of the relationship between wickedness and judgment, but He also encouraged us to study closely the characteristics of the days before the Flood, because these would also characterize the days just before His return.

Stefanus
1st January 2010, 20:34
RACE OF GIANTS WHO WERE 'IN THE EARTH IN THOSE DAYS' OF OLD

Millions of years ago, before what we call 'modern' man an ancient race with high intelligence, advanced technology and aerospace capabilities lived on earth. Great earth catastrophies wiped out much of this race , mutated some and drove many more underground. While waiting out the effects of what an ancient nucleur war created on the surface, man went back to a more natural or should I say 'simplistic' culture. By the time they once again surfaced to the earth or even came back from distance planets the Age of Man had changed. Knowledge was lost and the old technology was gone. Man had to start over. ..as they had done in previous Ages.

Today we still remain very ignorant of our past. Until 1847, almost nothing was known about fossil man. Science ignored the study of ancient man. It was only thorugh the bible and traditions that the western worlds had any reference to these wonderous races. One such race was the race of Giants who were "in the earth in those days" of old.

H.P. Blavataksy, The Secret Doctrine, points out to us references in the Bible and in our tradition about the Rephaim (Giants,(the mighty ones), the spectres (Phantoms), the Nephilim, or the fallen ones.. they are shown "as if identical, though they are all men, since the Bible calls them the primitive and the mighty ones" -- e.g., Nimrod. These names, which belong by right only to the four preceding races and the earliest beginning of the Fifth, allude very clearly to the first two Phantom (astral) races; to the fallen one -- the Third; and to the race of the Atlantean Giants -- the Fourth, after which "men began to decrease in stature."


Although Science has come a long way since 1847, they, for their own reasons, have not shared this information with the world populas. We have been kept in the dark . Not only kept in the dark, but conditioned and trained through the educational system, media and peers to scoff and shut out alternative ideas about the history of man.

Stefanus
1st January 2010, 21:32
HOMERS ILLAD TRUE

Again the same similarities in Sumerian and Babylonian Culture

From King Chronos of Atlantis. Science is not infallible and many ideas they scoffed at have actually come true. For example , did you ever consider that Homer's Illad is true? Troy was considered a fantasy and science would not recognize that such a wondrous place such as this could have actually existed. Thanks to the determination in the late 1800's of German-American archeologist, Professor Heinrich Schliemann , it was alas proved that the accounts of the Trojan War were indeed true. That Agamemnon, after his return from the Trojan War was slain by his wife Clytemnestra , who in turn was murdered by her children, Orestes and Electra. While excavating in Troy he had found, in the treasure house of Priam, an exquisitely wrought bronze vase bearing the inscription: From King Chronos of Atlantis. Ten years later, while wandering through the Louvre in Paris, he came across its mate, which had come to light in Tiahuanaca, on the South American continent.

Schliemann's discovery validated the writings of H.P.Blavatsky, Isis Unveiled and The Secret Doctrine. Blavatsky wrote that the Trojan War coincided with the cycle of events described in the Mahabharata, and that Homer's Iliad was but a copy of the Ramayana. Blavatsky's work was in, her time, an outrage and was condemned by men of science and theology. I found it quite interesting however that both Hitler and Einstein studied her writings in depth. What were they looking for if not the hidden knowledge within these books.

Homer declared that Agamemnon and Clytemnestra had lived in Mycenae, and, according to Pausanius, they were buried there. Based on this information Schliemann began his excavations. In the hillside tombs he found a number of skeletons wearing golden crowns, masks and girdles, and a vast treasure house filled with golden ornaments which, he believed, had once adorned fair Helen of Troy. No longer was the Iliad regarded by scholars as mere fairytale!

After Schliemann, Professor Sayce of Oxford went further to suggest the word Tiryns come from an ancient pre-Aryan language spoken in the penisula before the Greeks arrived. Based on this new found history, we then come to realize also that these prehistoric settlers were called by the Greeks Pelasgians. These people lived in the time of the building of the great Lion Gate of Mycenae, with a slab weight of a hundred tons, poised twenty feet above ground level. They were also the race that existed during the time of the building of the great hillside tombs of Mycenae with their 45 foot domes built without a keystone. The magnificent architech were equal to the pyramids in their grandeur.


The excavations of Sir Arthur Evans in Crete proved that these early settlers belonged to a highly cultured race. We have evidence that they had built a road across the island upon which they travelled in wheeled chariots. Their palaces were equipped with bath-rooms, running water, drainage systems, heating devices, and even elevators! Their artificers in ivory and bronze "wrought masterpieces which remain today among the world's greatest works of art."

Stefanus
1st January 2010, 21:43
THE GODS

Our belief structure today consists of 'IF you can't touch it, feel it ..or smell it...It doesn't exist. We , because of our conditioning through education and media, we are content in believing we came from 'monkeys' . The Greeks however veiwed things differently and proudly traced their lineage to the Gods. These gods were divided into three distinct classes: the Immortals, who dwelt on Mount Olympus; the inferior gods, who animated Nature; and the demi-gods, half mortal and half immortal.

The Gods of Olympus may be regarded in seven different ways. The meaning of the myths depends on the personification of the gods, which may be any of the following: of the noumena of the intelligent Powers of nature; of Cosmic Forces; of celestial bodies; of self-conscious gods; of psychic and spiritual powers; of Divine Kings on earth; and finally, as actual historical characters. A historical character that was seen as a god , for example, was Odin.

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The Olympians are a group of 12 gods who ruled after the overthrow of the Titans. All the Olympians are related in some way. They are named from their dwelling, Mount Olympus

http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Zeus.jpg | Zeus overthrew his Father Cronus and then drew lots with his brothers Poseidon and Hades. Zeus won the draw and became the supreme ruler of the gods. He is lord of the sky, and the rain. His weapon is a thunderbolt, which he hurls at those who displease him. He is married to Hera but is famous for his many affairs. He is also known as the god that punishes those that lie or break oaths.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Poseidon.jpg | Poseidon is the brother of Zeus. After the overthrow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Hades, another brother, to share the power of the world. His prize was to become lord of the sea. He was widely worshipped by seamen. He married Amphitrite, a granddaughter of the Titan Oceanus. He desired Demeter, who asked him to make the most beautiful animal that the world had ever seen, just to put him off. So, Poseidon created the first horse. In some accounts, his first attempts were unsuccessful, he created a variety of animals in his quest and then created the first horse. His weapon is a trident, which can shake the earth, and shatter any object. He is the most powerful Olympian god, after Zeus.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Hades.jpg | Hades is the brother of Zeus. After the overthrow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Poseidon, another brother, to share the power of the world. He had the worst draw and was made lord of the underworld, ruling over the dead. He is a greedy god who is greatly concerned with increasing his subjects. He is exceedingly disinclined to allow any of his subjects leave. He is also the god of wealth, due to the precious metals that mined from the earth. He has a helmet that makes him invisible and he rarely leaves the underworld. He is unpitying and terrible, but not capricious. His wife is Persephone whom Hades abducted. He is the King of the dead but, death itself is another god, Thanatos.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Hestia.jpg | Hestia is Zeus sister. She is a virgin goddess. She does not have a distinct personality. She plays no part in myths. She is the Goddess of the Hearth, the symbol of the house around which a newborn child is carried before it is received into the family. Each city had a public hearth sacred to Hestia, where the fire was never allowed to go out.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Hera.jpg | Hera is Zeus wife and sister. The Titans Ocean and Tethys raised her. She is the protector of marriage and takes special care of married women. Hera's marriage was founded in strife with Zeus and continued in strife. Zeus courted her unsuccessfully. Then he changed himself into dishevelled cuckoo. Hera feeling sorry for the bird held it to her breast to warm it. Zeus then transformed in his normal form and took advantage of the opportunity he gained, and raped her. Then she married him to cover her shame. Zeus was being particularly overbearing to the other gods and Hera convinced them to join in a revolt. Her part in the revolt was to drug Zeus, and when she managed that, the gods bound the sleeping Zeus to a couch, noticing to tie many knots. After that, they began to quarrel over the next step. Briareus overheard the arguments, full of gratitude to Zeus, Briareus slipped in and try to untie the knots. Zeus sprang from the couch and grabbed up his thunderbolt. The gods fell to their knees begging and pleading for mercy. Then Zeus seized Hera and hung her from the sky with gold chains. She wept in pain all night but none of the others dared to interfere. Her weeping kept Zeus up and the next morning he agreed to release her if she would swear never to rebel again. She didn’t have a choice, so she agreed. Since she couldn’t rebel again, she often intrigued against Zeus's plans and she was often able to outwit him. Most stories concerning Hera have to do with her revenge for Zeus's infidelities. Her sacred animals are the cow and the peacock. Her favourite city is Argos.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Ares.jpg | Ares is the son of Zeus and Hera. Both parents disliked him. He is the god of war and he is considered murderous and bloodstained but, also a coward. When he was caught in an act of adultery with Aphrodite, her husband Hephaestus publicly ridiculed him. His bird is the vulture. His animal is the dog.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Athena.jpg | Athena is the daughter of Zeus. She is fierce and brave in battle but only fights to protect the state and home from outside enemies. She is the goddess of the city, handicrafts, and agriculture. She has invented the bridle, which permits man to tame horses, the trumpet, the flute, the pot, the rake, the yoke, the ship, and the chariot. She is the embodiment of wisdom, reason, and purity. She is Zeus's favourite child and she is allowed to use his weapons including his thunderbolt. Her favourite city is Athens. Her tree is the olive and the owl is her bird. She is a virgin goddess.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Apollo.jpg | Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto. His twin sister is Artemis. He is the god of music, playing a golden lyre, of light and truth, who can not tell a lie. One of Apollo's more important daily tasks is to harness his chariot with four horses and drive the sun across the sky. He is famous for his oracle at Delphi and people use to travel to it from all over the Greek world to divine the future. His tree is the laurel, his bird is the crow and his animal is the dolphin.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Aphrodite.jpg | Aphrodite is the goddess of love, desire and beauty. In addition to her natural gifts she has a magical girdle that compels anyone she wishes to desire her. There are two accounts of her birth. One says she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione. The other goes back to when Cronus castrated Uranus and tossed his severed genitals into the sea. Aphrodite then arose from the sea foam on a giant scallop and walked to shore in Cyprus. She is the wife of Hephaestus. The myrtle is her tree, the dove, the swan, and the sparrow are her birds.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Hermes.jpg | Hermes is the son of Zeus and Maia. He is Zeus’s messenger. He is the fastest of the gods. He wears winged sandals, a winged hat, and carries a magic wand. He is the god of thieves and commerce. He is the guide for the dead to go to the underworld. He invented the lyre, the pipes, the musical scale, astronomy, weights and measures, boxing, gymnastics, and the care of olive trees.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Artemis.jpg | Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto. Her twin brother is Apollo. She is the lady of the wild things. She is the huntsman of the gods. She is the protector of the young. Like Apollo she hunts with silver arrows. She is a virgin goddess, and the goddess of chastity. She also presides over childbirth, which may seem odd for a virgin, but goes back to cause Leto no pain when she was born. She became associated with Hecate. The cypress is her tree. All wild animals are scared to her and especially the deer.
http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Hephaestus.jpg | Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Sometimes it is said that Hera alone produced him and that he has no father. He is the only god who is physically ugly and lame. Accounts as how he became lame vary. Some say that Hera, upset by having an ugly child, flung him from Mount Olympus into the sea, breaking his legs. Others that he took Hera's side in an argument with Zeus and Zeus flung him off Mount Olympus. He is the god of fire and the forge. He is the smith and armourer of the gods. He uses a volcano as his forge. He is the patron god of both smiths and weavers. He is kind and peace loving. His wife is Aphrodite. Sometimes his wife is identified as Aglaia.

Stefanus
1st January 2010, 23:48
THE FOUR AGES OF MAN

In the book, Living in the Light, I describe Four Ages of man and his evolution from the Gold Age, Silver Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age in more detail. But following is a brief description of these Ages. Ref: H. P. Blavatsky , The Secret Doctrine

The Golden Age was the period when the First Race lived in the "Sacred Imperishable Land" which capped the North Pole. The forms of this Race were ethereal. They could walk, run, fly, and see objects at a distance. They were sexless and the principle of Karma had not yet been developed.

UranosThe Silver Age occupied the Hyperborean Continent. . The Greeks called it the "land of the gods," for it was the favorite abode of Apollo, the god of light, and its inhabitants were his beloved priests. The story of this Race is contained in the myth of Uranos, the King of the Second Continent. He personified the creative forces of nature, while his wife Gaea represented matter, the basis of all forms. According to the legend, Uranos produced giants and nymphs from drops of his own blood, suggesting the method of reproduction in this Race. When the new gods arrived, , they began experimenting on the creation of mankind, creating the new age.

The Bronze Age was inhabitied by the Third Race of Man in Lemuria. This Race was itself divided into three periods. The early Lemurians were sexless, producing their young by exuding drops of vital fluid, which formed an egg-shaped ball. The myth of Leda, whose twin sons were gestated in an egg, refers to this early method of procreation. Then came a cycle of bisexuality. Plato gives us a description of the Third Race at this point of its evolution. "Our nature of old," he wrote, "was not the same as it now is. It was then androgynous. Our bodies were round, and the manner of their running was circular. Hence Zeus divided them into two." Finally mankind became male and female, and since that time the reincarnating Ego has depended upon the union of the sexes for the production of its physical vehicle. *Adam and Eve and E DIN

GaeaAt the beginning of the Fourth Round on this globe, every class of being was one-eyed. The "one-eyed Cyclops" of Greek mythology, those giants fabled as sons of Coelus and Terra, three in number, represented the last three sub-races of the Lemurians, for the two front eyes, as physical organs, did not appear until the beginning of the Fourth Race. The myth of Ulysses, who visited the cave of the Cyclops Polyphemus and destroyed his vision by means of a fire-brand, symbolizes the atrophy of the "third eye." The adventure of Ulysses with the pastoral Cyclops, a giant race, is an allegorical record of the gradual passing of the Cyclopean civilization of stone and gigantic buildings to the more physical and sensuous culture of the Atlanteans, which finally caused the "eye of wisdom" to disappear.

In the middle of the Third Race, the "lighting up of Manas" occurred. At the beginning of our evolution the Monad (the "vivifying agent" present in every atom in the universe) had been plunged first into the lowest form of matter, the mineral. Gradually, by the passage of the Life Wave through the vegetable and animal kingdoms, a superior form was evolved -- ready at last for the Host of Manasaputra whose destiny it was to incarnate upon this globe. Some of these mindless human forms were neither ready nor suitable for occupancy and remained destitute of higher knowledge until the Fourth Race. Into those forms which were half ready, a spark of intelligence was infused. Into those forms which were ready, the "Lords of the Flame" entered, kindling the germ of mind in the "mindless men" and adding to them the flame of their own Manas.



The Secret Doctrine. Blavatsky adopted the nomenclature for the geological periods devised by Sir Charles Lyell, the "Father" of geology. To this she applied a proportional calculation based on thickness of strata that was proposed by Professor Lefevre, which harmonized with occult data regarding the true age of the strata. Thus, the Pleistocene (Lyell's Quaternary) began about 1,600,000 years ago. The Cenozoic Era (Lyell's Tertiary), or that of Atlantis, began about 10-12,000,000 years ago; and the Mesozoic (the old Secondary) about 37,000,000 years ago (Cf. S.D., 2:693-711). These are the time-periods intended to be understood in talking of Atlantis and Lemuria, and the present fifth race. The latter was formerly identified by Western scholars as the Aryan peoples, but now is termed the Indo-European speaking peoples of the world.] This theosophical interpretation can explain why certain aboriginal Indian traditions emphasize a "fourth" and others a "fifth" world. Those, like the Hopis, who say they have "one foot in the fifth world" and, by proper living, can bring in "the other foot" as well, really are telling us that although their roots derive from the previous stock-race they have survived beyond its natural term into the present or Aryan world and so can in some important sense fully enter it. Others apparently by reason of more recent racial origin believe they are an Aryan or fifth-race stock.

Stefanus
2nd January 2010, 00:18
BIBLICAL NAMES OF GIANTS

In Genesis chapter 15:19-21 they are enumerated and named among Canaanite Peoples: "Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, and the Amorites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites"


http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/The-Sons-of-Anak.jpg
The Nephilim, Rephaim, Anakim, Emim or in general the Im are the giants of the
Bible, the original inhabitants of Canaan from Aram south to the Negev. The include
giants like Samson and the Philistine Goliath who fights David. Joshuah fights against
them all through the conquest.


(Compare Exodus 3:8,17; 23:23. Deuteronomy 7; 20:17. Joshua 12:8).
These were to be cut off, and driven out, and utterly destroyed (Deuteronomy 20:17. Joshua 3:10). But Israel failed in this (Joshua 13:13; 15:63; 16:10; 17:18. Judges 1:19,20,28,29,30-36; 2:1-5; 3:1-7);

As to their other names, they were called Anakim, from one Anak which came of the Nephilim (Numbers 13:22,33), and Rephaim, from Rapha, another notable one among them.
From Deuteronomy 2:10, they were known by some as Emim, and Horim, and Zamzummim (verse 20,21) and Avim, etc.

ANAK
(a' nak) HEBREW: ANAQ

A race of giants called the Anakim traced their ancestry to Anak, the son of the Canaanite Arba, founder of Kiriath-Arba (the city later known as Hebron).
*Hebron, the land Caleb received for his inheritance, is the focus of contemporary land conflict between Palestinians and Jews, and is much in the news
Anak's descendants were conquered and displaced by Caleb, one of the scouts whom Moses had sent decades earlier to spy out the land of Canaan.
Giants like the Anakim were also known as Nephilim, thought to be superhuman progeny of the sons of God and the daughters on men cited in Genesis 6:4.

Stefanus
2nd January 2010, 00:27
EXTERMINATION OF THE GIANTS AND THE GODDESS TRADITIONS.


Deucalion and his wife Pyrrha, of the race of Prometheus.The Greeks preserved the tradition of the sinking of Atlantis in the myth of Deucalion. The legend says that after the fourth race had passed its apex of development, a change occurred in men. Modesty, truth and honor fled, and in their place came crime, fraud, cunning and the wicked love of gain. Seeing the condition into which the earth had fallen, Jupiter determined to destroy it and form a new land where men would have fresh opportunities to live a virtuous life. So the waters came and covered the land, leaving only Mount Olympus above the waves. There Deucalion and his wife Pyrrha found shelter, and from them sprang the new, fifth race. *

This story was later mimicked by the Hebrew in the story of Noah and the Flood.


The People of Cain

Cain went to the land of Nod, and produced giants. They were smart educated, intelligent, builders, inventors and scientists and knew the art of metal. The Scripture says one of those giants had fourteen inch fingers. Now, your finger is just as long as your closed hand. Open it up; that would be a twenty-eight inch hand! The God of Moses commanded Moses to exterminate the whole race of these people from the Land of Canaan whom He said would corrupt their morals and pervert their heart to paganism if they intermarried or made agreements with them. Here we find the 2 opposing gods , Enlil and Enki, in the war of the gods with the people of earth being caught right in the middle , being forced to take sides .

The Secret Doctrine - H.P. Blavatsky

The Secret Doctrine teaches that the Aryan nations of the present are in their fifth root-race. Hence the Aryan nations could trace their descent through the Atlanteans, who constituted the fourth root-race, from the more spiritual races of the Lemurians who preceded the Atlanteans, and in whom the "Sons of Wisdom" had personally incarnated.

It is taught that with the advent of the divine Dynasties, ... referred to, the first civilizations were started. Under the guidance of their divine Rulers, the third-race built large cities, cultivated arts and sciences, and knew astronomy, architecture and mathematics to perfection. Such divine Dynasties among men were claimed by the Egyptians, Chaldeans, Greeks, etc., as being those which preceded their human kings; they are still believed in by the modern Hindus, and are enumerated in their sacred books.

The primeval civilization, that of the Lemurians, did not, as one may think, immediately follow their physiological transformation (i.e., that of the separation of the sexes from the hermaphroditic condition which preceded). Between the final evolution and the first city built by the third-race Humanity, many hundred thousands of years had passed. We find the Lemurians in their sixth sub-race building their first rock-cities, out of stone and lava. One of such great cities of primitive structure was built entirely of lava, some thirty miles west from where Easter Island now stretches its narrow piece of sterile ground, and was entirely destroyed by a series of volcanic eruptions.


http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/baalbek_7.jpg
These cyclopean stones are certainly not Roman. The square cut
Roman stones are heaped on top of them by the Arabs or Crusaders,
whoever turned the ruins into a medieval fortress. Look at how small
the two men are compared to the cyclopean stonework, let alone
the megaliths upon which they are built.

The oldest remains of Cyclopean buildings were all the handiwork of the Lemurians of the last sub-races; and an occultist shows, therefore, no wonder on learning that the stone relics found on the small piece of land called Easter Island by Captain Cook, are "very much like the walls of the Temple of Pachacamac or the Ruins of Tia-Huanuco in Peru," and that they are in the CYCLOPEAN STYLE. The first large cities appeared on that region of the continent which is now the island of Madagascar. It is further asserted that there were civilized people and savages in those days as there are now.

Stefanus
2nd January 2010, 01:02
GIANTS

by Immanuel Velikovsky

The traditions of peoples all over the world are quite unanimous in asserting that an an earlier time a race of giants lived on the earth, that most of the race were destroyed in great catastrophes; that they were of cruel nature and were furiously fighting among themselves; that the last of them were exterminated when after a cataclysm a migration of peoples brought the forebears of the peoples of today to their new homelands.

The Japanese narrate that when their forefathers after a great catastrophe about two and a half or three thousand years ago, came from the continent and invaded the isles, they found there long-legged, furry giants. These giants were called Ainu. The forefathers of the Japanese were defeated in the first encounter, but in the second encounter they were victorious.

Ixtlilxochitl described the wandering of peoples of the western hemisphere in the four ages of the world. The first age came to its end in the Flood. In the second age, called “the sun of the earthquake,” there lived the generation of the giants, which was destroyed in the cataclysm that terminated this age. The third peiord was “the sun of the wind,” called so because at the end of this period terrible hurricanes annihilated everything. The new inhabitants of the new world were Ulme and Xicalauca who came from the east to find a foothold at Potouchan: here they met a number of giants, the last survivors of the second catastrophe. The fourth age was called “the fire sun,” because of the great fire that put an end to this epoch. At that time the Toltecs arrived in the land of Anahuac, put to flight by the catastrophe: they wandered for 104 years before they settled in their new home.

Also F. L. Gomara in his Conquista de Mexico, in the chapter about “cinco soles que son edades,” wrote:


The second sun perished when the sky fell upon the earth; the collapse killed all the people and every living thing; and they say that giants lived in those days, and that to them belong the bones that our Spaniards have found while digging mines and tombs. From their measure and proportion it seems that those men were twenty hands tall—a very great stature, but quite certain.

The Hebrew scriptures as preserved in the Old Testament and in the Talmud and Midrashim, narrate that among the races of the world in a previous age were races of giants, “men of great size and tremendous strength and ferocity,” who were destroying other races, but also were turning upon each other and destroying themselves.

The Book of Genesis (6: 4) narrates that in the antediluvial time “there were giants in the earth in those days.” The Greek Book of Baruch narrates that over four hundred thousand of the race of giants were destroyed by the Flood. After the Flood there were only a few districts where some of them remained alive.

When after a number of centuries another catastrophe ruined the world and the Israelites left Egypt and sent a few men to explore Palestine, those reported that the people of the land were generally of tall stature, and that besides “there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which came of the giants, and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so were we in their sight.”

This description clearly differentiates between the people of a tall stature and the giants, and the supposition that the Israelites found in Palestine a normal race only taller than themselves, and thought them to be giants, is not supported by the text.

A similar distinction is made in Deuteronomy (1: 28): “The people is greater and taller than we . . . and moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakim [giants] there.” they—a few families—lived in Hebron (Numbers 13: 22).

At the time when the Israelites approached the fields of Bashan in the Transjordan, “only Og king of Bashan” remained of the remnant of the giants (Joshua 13:12 and Deut. 3:11). The other individuals of monstrous size had been annihilated in the meantime. “Behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits is the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.” The text implies that at the time the book of Deuteronomy was written the bedstead of Og was still in existence and was a wonder for the onlookers.

The giants were the remnant of a race close to extinction. Og was “of the remnant of the giants that dwelt in Ashtaroth and Edrel” (Joshua 12: 4). They were also called Emim, or the furious ones. “The Emim dwelt therein [in Moab of the Transjordan] in times past, a people great and many, and tall as the Anakim, which also were accounted giants, as the Anakim; but Moab calls them Emim” ( ). This branch of the giants was already extinct; but two cosmic ages earlier, in the days of Amraphel, king of Shinar, and Abraham the Patriarch, Eimim flourished in the Transjordan (Genesis 14: 5).

Stefanus
2nd January 2010, 01:08
NEPHILM

by Immanuel Velikovsky

The present state of the Moon and of Mars and other celestial bodies does not imply that in the past they were equally desolate. Concerning Mars and Moon we have the testimony of our ancestors, supported by modern observations, that these bodies were engaged in near-collisions only a few thousand years ago. It is not excluded that under conditions prevailing on their surfaces prior to these events, life could have developed there or elsewhere in the solar system to an advanced stage.

Working in the early 1940’s on Worlds in Collision, which in its original form covered also the cataclysmic events preceding the Exodus, I wondered at a certain description that sounded like a visit from space.

The sixth chapter of the book of Genesis starts this way:

And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, that the sons of God [bnei Elim] saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

The story told in Genesis VI about the sons of God (bnei Elim) coming to the daughters of men is usually explained as referring to an advanced priesthood that mingled with backward tribesmen. When Columbus discovered America, the natives, according to the diary of his first voyage, regarded him and his crew as having arrived from the sky. A similar occurrence could have taken place in prediluvial times, when some invaders from a remote part of the world came and were regarded as “sons of God.”

But if we are today on the eve of interplanetary travel, we must not declare as absolutely impossible the thought that this Earth was visited, ages ago, by some people from another planet. Or was this earth alone populated by intelligent beings? In my understanding this passage from the book of Genesis is a literary relic dealing with a visit of intelligent beings from another planet.

It appears that the extraterrestrial visitors made their landing as if in advance knowledge of the impending catastrophe of the Deluge. It could be that Jupiter and Saturn were approaching each other ever closer on their orbits and that a disruption of one of them was expected.

Possibly many centuries, or even millennia, passed between the landing and the Deluge. The mission could have been undertaken to ascertain the conditions on Earth. If it was an escape it could also have been from another catastrophe in the solar system, one of those that preceded the Deluge, like the one described as the dethronement and emasculation of Uranus by Kronos. If the ancient legends of a battle between the gods and titans, so persistent in the Greek world, but also in the mythologies of other civilizations, have any historical value, we may try to find what may have been the substratum of this fantasy. It seems that following great convulsions of nature observable in the celestial sphere, giant bodies were hurled on the earth. They arrived burned and were crushed by impact. But at least one group of escapees suceeded in safely reaching the earth. They descended on Mount Hermon or Anti-Lebanon. Of the extra-biblical traditions dealing with the subject some reach hoary antiquity, antecedent to the composition of the Biblical texts. The Book of Enoch narrates that the group was composed of males only, two hundred in number, under the leadership of one by the name of Shemhazai. The Aggadic literature says that the “sons of God” tried to return to heaven from where they had come, but could not.

The new arrivals were probably of gigantic stature—their progeny with women of the earth were giants:

The Nephilim were on earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men that were of old, the men of renown.

Having fathered giants, they themselves must have been not of human size.

The planet from which they came I would not know to determine. El would refer to Saturn. The great size of the visitors would suggest a smaller body where the gravitational influence would be less.

Ten thousand years is only an instant in the life of the cosmos; ten thousand years ago man was only in a rude stone age; today he contemplates to visit other planets. If such progress is made in a time as short as this, who knows what secrets are concealed in the past or in the future?

Stefanus
2nd January 2010, 15:24
THE ATLANTEAN RACE OF GIANTS

Edgar Evans Cayce (Edgar Cayce on Atlantis ©1968)

“A question in a…general reading on Atlantis asked about the kind of people that existed then:
Q.3: “Please give a few details regarding the physiognomy, habits, customs and costumes of the people of Atlantis during the period just before the first destruction.” A.3:…These took on many sizes as to stature, from that as may be called the midget [Hobbit] to the GIANTS—for there were GIANTS IN THE EARTH IN THOSE DAYS, men as tall as (what would be termed today) ten or twelve feet in stature, and well proportioned throughout. The ones that became the most useful were those as would be classified (or called in the present) as the ideal stature, that was both male and female…””

So, according to Edgar Cayce, the people living in Atlantis were of “many sizes” but none compared to the dominant race of Atlantean Giants.

Helena P. Blavatsky (The Secret Doctrine – Vol. 2 ©1888)

“….The Giants of old are all buried under the Oceans, and hundreds of thousands of years of constant friction by water would reduce to dust and pulverize a brazen, far more a human skeleton. But whence the testimony of well-known classical writers, of philosophers and men who, otherwise, never had the reputation for lying? Let us bear in mind, furthermore, that before the year 1847, when Boucher de Perthes forced it upon the attention of Science, almost nothing was known of fossil man, for archaeology complacently ignored his existence. Of Giants who were "IN THE EARTH IN THOSE DAYS" of old, the Bible alone had spoken to the wise men of the West, the Zodiac being the solitary witness called upon to corroborate the statement in the persons of ATLAS or ORION, whose mighty shoulders are said to support the world.”

“The claim that physical man was originally a colossal pre-tertiary giant, and that he existed 18,000,000 years ago, must of course appear preposterous to admirers of, and believers in, modern learning. The whole posse comitatis of biologists will turn away from the conception of this …. Titan [Race] of the Secondary age, a being fit to fight as successfully with the then gigantic monsters of the air, sea, and land, as his forefathers—the ethereal prototype of the Atlantean—had little need to fear that which could not hurt him. The modern anthropologist [would] laugh at [the] Titans….”

“Diodorus Siculus asserts that in the days of Isis, all men were of a vast stature, who were denominated by the Hellenes Giants.”

Harold T.Wilkins (Mysteries of Ancient South America ©1946)

“Diodorus, speaking of Atlantis, says: “….it is an island of considerable size, a number of days’ voyage to the west….the dwelling-place of a race of gods [Giants], not men. In ancient times this island remained undiscovered, because of its distance from the other inhabitants of the world….”

“Then, Ammianus Marcellinus, a Greek geographer contemporary with the Roman emperors Julian and Valens (fourth century A.D.), while enumerating the different sorts of vulcanism, says: “It was by a chasmaties (in which the force of the commotion opens gulfs in the Earth and swallows a whole country) that there was engulfed, in the profound night of Erebus, an isle in the Atlantic sea that was more spacious than all Europe….”

“Elian, the Roman sophist and compiler (died A.D. 140) quotes from Theopompus, a Greek historian of Chios, of the fourth century B.C. who, says Elian: “speaks of a continent, infinite and immeasurable, which the ocean circumscribes. THE MEN WHO DWELL THERE HAVE MORE THAN TWICE OUR STATURE and days….Two cities are there, one peaceful, the other warlike. The warlike city sent ten million men to invade Europe.”

Helena P. Blavatsky (The Secret Doctrine – Vol. 2 ©1888)

“Nevertheless, even the "Giants" have not been left without their witnesses, and one may as well examine both sides of the question. The three Sciences -- Geological, Sidereal and Scriptural (the latter in its Universal character) -- may furnish us with the needed proofs. To begin with geology; it has already confessed that the older the excavated skeletons, the larger, taller and the more powerful their structure. This is already a certain proof in hand. "All those bones" writes Frederic de Rougemont….found in the Departments of the Gard, in Austria, Liege…. have all belonged to men of very high stature" . . . ("Histoire de la Terre," p. 154) The same is repeated by Lartet, an authority, who attributes a tall stature to those who were submerged in the deluge (not necessarily "Noah's" [convulsion]) and a smaller stature to the races which lived subsequently.”

“As for the evidence furnished by ancient writers, we need not stop at that of Tertullian, who assures us that in his day a number of giants were found at Carthage -- for, before his testimony can be accepted, his own identity and actual existence would have to be proven. But we may turn to the scientific journals of 1858, which spoke of a sarcophagus of giants found that year on the site of that same city. As to the ancient pagan writers -- we have the evidence of Philostratus, who speaks of a giant skeleton twenty-two cubits long, as well as of another of twelve cubits, seen by himself at Sigeus. This skeleton may perhaps not have belonged, as believed by Protesilaus, to the giant killed by Apollo at the siege of Troy; nevertheless, it was that of a giant, as well as that other one discovered by Messecrates of Stire, at Lemnos -- "horrible to behold," according to Philostratus (Heroica, p. 35). Is it possible that prejudice would carry Science so far as to class all these men as either fools or liars?

“Pliny speaks of a giant in whom he thought he recognised Orion, the son of Ephialtes (Nat. Hist., vol. VII, ch. xvi.). Plutarch declares that Sertorius saw the tomb of Antaeus, the giant; and Pausanias vouches for the actual existence of the tombs of Asterius and of Geryon, or Hillus, son of Hercules -- all giants, Titans and mighty men. Finally the Abbe Pegues (cited in de Mirville's Pneumatologie) affirms in his curious work on "The Volcanoes of Greece" that "in the neighbourhood of the volcanoes of the isle of Thera, giants with enormous skulls were found laid out under colossal stones, the erection of which must have necessitated everywhere the use of titanic powers, and which tradition associates in all countries with the ideas about giants, volcanoes and magic.”

“In the same work above cited of the Abbe Pegues, the author wonders why in Bible and tradition, the Gibborim, (Giants, the mighty ones) the Rephaim, or ….the Nephilim, or the fallen ones -- (irruentes) -- are shown "as if identical, though they are all men, since the Bible calls them the primitive and the mighty ones" -- e.g., Nimrod. The "Doctrine" explains the secret. These names [are all associated with the ‘Giants’ including] the race of the Atlantean Giants….”



http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Atlantis.jpg

“THE FIRST GREAT WATERS CAME. THEY SWALLOWED THE SEVEN GREAT ISLANDS"

….As this subject -- the fourth great deluge on our globe….The seven great islands (Dwipas) belonged to the continent of Atlantis. The secret teachings show that the "Deluge" overtook the….Giant race, not on account of their depravity, or because they had become "black with sin," but simply because such is the fate of every continent, which -- like everything else under our Sun -- is born, lives, becomes decrepit, and dies….”

Stefanus
2nd January 2010, 15:43
THE DESTRUCTION OF ATLANTIS

Helena P. Blavatsky (The Secret Doctrine – Vol. 2 ©1888)

Helena P. Blavatsky“….Since the day of [The Archaic Record’s] earliest teachings and the destruction of the great Atlantis, the face of the earth has changed more than once. There was a time when the delta of Egypt and Northern Africa belonged to Europe, before the formation of the Straits of Gibraltar, and a further upheaval of the continent, changed entirely the face of the map of Europe. The last serious change occurred some 12,000 years ago and was followed by the submersion of Plato's little Atlantic island, which he calls Atlantis after its parent continent. Geography was part of the mysteries, in days of old. Says the Zohar (iii., fol. 10a): "These secrets (of land and sea) were divulged to the men of the secret science, but not to the geographers.”

Edgar Evans Cayce (Edgar Cayce on Atlantis ©1968)

Edgar Cayce“There are…indications of disturbances about 50,000 years B.C. Another upheaval seems to have taken place at about 28,000 B.C., at which time the continent was split into islands, while the final destruction of the remaining islands took place about 10,000 B.C. It is this last destruction….that Plato describes in his writings. Each period of destruction lasted months or years rather than days. In each case there was sufficient warning so that many of the inhabitants escaped to Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Thus, according to the Edgar Cayce readings, both of the Americas and portions of Europe have felt the influx of Atlanteans [Giants] more than once in the unrecorded past.”

“[The] second period of destruction did not entirely destroy Atlantis, according to the Edgar Cayce readings. The land was split into islands. Some lost their lives and some migrated elsewhere, but many stayed and for a while things quieted down. A high state of civilization continued, for electricity is mentioned and atomic energy implied.

"This may have been the period of polar shifting, for climatic changes from temperate to torrid are suggested by “the shifting of the activities of the Earth itself.”

So as noted above, Cayce implies the Atlantis continent was split into islands after a shifting of the poles, but yet the Atlanteans continued on. I maintain that the only way the Earth’s poles could shift is from a near-by celestial intruder. Back in 1882 one of Helena Blavatsky’s teachers wrote to Theosophist A.P. Sinnett and stressed that the last portion of Atlantis sunk in the year 9,565 BC. Then, low-and-behold, in 1995 two researchers named D. S. Allan and J. B. Delair, who specialise in palaeogeography and cartography, released a book called ‘When the Earth Nearly Died—Compelling Evidence of a Catastrophic World Change 9,500 BC.’ They concluded that a celestial body came into the solar system causing havoc and destruction and dubbed this event “the Phaeton disaster.” See quote below:


“Any celestial intruder arriving from more remote cosmic regions would tend to encounter or pass close only to planets nearest its line of advance at that specific time. Those planets which happened to be orbiting the far side of the Sun might, in such circumstances, remain comparatively unaffected by the intruder. This, we shall find, appears to be precisely what occurred during the Phaeton event.”

Planet Earth was not spared during the last upheaval and much more was involved around the globe than merely the sinking of Atlantis. Their view, derived wholly from science, was and is completely consistent with Theosophy. Their date is only 65 years away from the year given by the teacher of Theosophy more than a century earlier! This is very strong supportive evidence for Blavatsky’s work, although Allan and Delair stopped short of saying Phaeton was a cyclical planet-like object, I beg to differ. Helena Blavatsky gives us clues that Phaeton does indeed return.

Helena P. Blavatsky (The Secret Doctrine – Vol. 2 ©1888)

Plato“….NATURE HAD BEEN ALTERED AT THE PERIOD OF THE UNIVERSAL DELUGE. Precisely so; and the Secret Doctrine teaches that that "order of nature" has been thus altered, and the series of the Earth's humanities too. For, as the angel Uriel tells Enoch: "Behold, I have showed thee all things, O Enoch; and all things have I revealed to thee. Thou seest the Sun, the Moon, and those which conduct the stars in Heaven, which cause all their operations, seasons, and arrivals to return. In the days of sinners THE YEARS SHALL BE SHORTENED….the moon shall change its laws, etc….” In those days also, years before the great Deluge that CARRIED AWAY THE ATLANTEANS and changed the face of the whole earth—because “THE EARTH (ON ITS AXIS) BECAME INCLINED….”

“And now the natural question. Who could have informed the apocryphal author of this powerful vision….that THE EARTH COULD OCCASIONALLY INCLINE HER AXIS?”

“There are many such "dark sayings" throughout Puranas, Bible and Mythology; and to the occultist they divulge two facts:
that the ancients knew as well, and better, perhaps, than the moderns do, astronomy, geognosy and cosmography in general; and
that the globe and its behavior have altered more than once since the primitive state of things. Thus, on the blind faith of his "ignorant" religion, which taught that PHAETON, in his desire to learn the hidden truth, MADE THE SUN DEVIATE FROM ITS USUAL COURSE….”

Is Blavatsky hinting that PHAETON occasionally tilts the Earth’s axis causing great deluges? I say yes! Our pole-shifting celestial intruder—cyclical in nature brought about by the Dark Star System. Although I do not agree with all of Blavatsky esoteric philosophy, I do think, however, her knowledge into the Atlantis mystery is plausible and very compelling especially her reasoning as to why the dominant Giant Atlantean race had to flee their homeland. Plato’s great-grandfather’s friend Solon also recorded that Phaeton is cyclical in nature:

Stefanus
2nd January 2010, 18:15
DID BIBLICAL GIANTS BUILD THE CIRCLE OF THE REFAIM?

One of the last great barely known wonders of the ancient world is a Stonehenge-like monument sitting atop Israel's Golan Heights. Called Gilgal Refaim (The Circle Of The Refaim) in Hebrew, the monument consists of five concentric stone rings whose diameter is 155 meters.

The best preserved of the rings is the outermost, whose height reaches 2 meters and thickness 3.3 meters. Some of the stones used to create the ring weigh twenty tons. The total weight of the stones is 37,000 tons.

In the middle of the rings is a cairn 1,
topped by a tumulus 2, measuring
twenty meters across. In the middle of the rings is a cairn1, topped by a tumulus2, measuring twenty meters across.
1 Cairn - a heap of stones set up as a landmark, monument, tombstone, etc.
2 Tumulus - a domelike swelling or mound formed in congealed lava; a barrow.

Despite the obvious attraction to archaeologists, the rings remained hidden while the suspicious Syrian regimes held the Golan Heights and were only opened to inspection after Israel won the area in the Six Day War of 1967.

One feature of the rings has particularly fascinated the few people who have studied them. It is the meaning of two large openings, somewhat like doorways, one facing northeast, the other southeast.

In 1968 Professor Yonathan Mizrahi of the Department of Anthropology at Harvard University and Prof. Anthony Aveni of Colgate University discovered that in 3000 BCE, the first rays of the summer solstice would have appeared directly through the northeast opening as seen from the central tumulus. At the same time, the southeast opening provided a direct view of Sirius.

One function of the circles then, was an astronomical observatory and stellar calendar. Or was it?


http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Gilgal_Refaim.JPG

Prof. Mizrahi is doubtful. "Why would they have undertaken such a massive building project, collecting 37,000 tons of stone and painstakingly laying them down to last forever, when the same task could have been completed using one rock and a stick?"

Micah Ankouri, writing in Teva Ve'aretz (Land and Nature) concludes that Gilgal Refaim was an "astronomical observatory providing social harmony through its communal construction and proof of the perfection of the universe."

The astronomical dating confirms lichenometric tests and carbon dating of potsherds found on the site. In fact, the professors erred on the side of conservatism. The sherds dated to the Early Bronze Age, 3rd millenium BCE, 5000 years ago. A three layered burial monument was added to the central cairn a thousand years later. Thus, the circles pre-date the pyramids and Babylonian temples, making them the oldest astronomical complex in the Middle East.

The mysteries continue. Gilgal Refaim is the only megalithic astronomical complex on earth built of loose stones. It resembles more ruins found on Malta and in Zimbabwe than European sites built at the same time and possibly for the same purpose.

But despite the similarity of purpose, supposedly the simple nomads of the region had no contact with Europe. Nor were the shepherd tribes prone to massive building projects. Gilgal Refaim was the only such undertaking in the Middle East at the time. There was no apparent cultural reason for this unique engineering project.

Outer circle The circles were built on a flat plateau. No one could have seen the shape of the monument from ground level and there were no hills nearby to gaze upon it. Yet the monument could only have been appreciated from above. It was as likely a message to the stars as a stellar observatory.

In the general region of the rings are hundreds of dolmens3 , similar in appearance to those found in northern Britain and France. Moshe Hartal, Chief Archaeologist of the Golan explains, "We have identified 8,500 dolmens of twenty separate styles on the Golan Heights. Each tribe had its own dolmen style. The biggest dolmen stones weigh over 50 tons and are seven metres in height. Graves are found within some domens but not all. Their function was not purely funereal."

3 dolmen - a structure usually regarded as a tomb, consisting of two or more large, upright stones set with a space between and capped by a horizontal stone.

The Palestinian dolmens "are usually very simple: one or more horizontal blocks were laid over a few vertical ones averaging a meter (39 in) or less in height, with a low entrance on one side. These may have been monuments to the dead, designed as imitations of everyday dwellings...Originally, they were probably covered with small stones and earth, which has been washed away. Occasionally, one or two circles of small stones surrounded them. Nearly always they are clustered in 'fields' or groups, mostly in northwestern Jordan on the slopes above the east bank of the Jordan River, or in upper Galilee..." (Nelson's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Bible Facts; page 75).

If the dolmens surrounding Gilgal Refaim were an integral part of the site, then it was an enormous project encompassing more area than at the Giza pyramids. Hartel is reluctant to draw such aconclusion, taking the more conservative view that the dolmens were built over time around the attraction of the circles.

One fact stands out. The local nomadic tribes of the time did not build any other remotely similar monument. Circle building was not a fashion of the era among the herdsmen and that, combined with their unsuitable, primitive technology, seems to rule out their construction of the circles.

http://www.wendag.com/images/gods/Gilgal-map1.jpgIf the local inhabitants didn't build the rings, then who did? Surpisingly, there is strong evidence that the biblical giants or Refaim were the architects and engineers who constructed the monument.

Consider the following biblical clues, written in modern terminology (The Book, Tyndale House Publishers):
In Genesis 14:5, we are told the Refaim inhabit the place called Ashtherot-Karnaim. Just ten miles from the rings is the site of an ancient Canaanite city called Ashtherot. It is named after the Canaanite goddess of war and, contradictorily, love. Ashterot was the Canaanite name for Sirius, from which the Hebrew name Esther was derived.
In Joshua 12:4, we learn that "King Og of Bashan, the last of the Refaim, who lived at Ashtarot... ruled a territory stretching From Mount Hermon in the north...
In 1 Chronicles 6:71, we are told that the half-tribe of Manasseh later inhabited "Golan," in Bashan.
The most explicit description of the size of the people of Bashan is found in Deuteronomy 3. King Og is attacked and defeated. "King Og of Bashan was the last of the great Refaim. His iron bedstead is kept at Rabbah... and measures thirteen and a half feet long and six feet wide." In the same chapter we are informed that "The Sidonians called Mount Hermon, 'Sirion.'"
In Deuteronomy, we are told that the Refaim "were a large and powerful tribe, as tall as the Anakim (giants)."
In Chronicles 20, the last of the Anakim is killed. "A giant with six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot, whose father was also a giant,... was killed by David's nephew Jonathan. These giants were descendants of the giants of Gath and were killed by David and his soldiers."

The respected Jerusalem biblical author, Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg, hardly an advocate of ancient alien theories, nonethless confirms the possibility that giant heavenly beings or their descendants could have constructed the circles.

"The Jewish oral tradition says Og, the King of Bashan, stowed away on Noah's ark and was the only survivor of the flood outside Noah's family. Og was descended from the Nefilim, deities who fell from the heavens."


"Og had children with Noah's daughters and they were hybrid giants called the Anakim or Refaim. They existed in ancient times and the Bible records their presence in the Golan Heights. They could have built Gilgal Refaim."

Written by Barry Chamish

Gilgal


(Josh 4:19-20 KJV) "And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho. And those twelve stones, which they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal."

Commentary to above verse from - The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Old Testament:

"Joshua led the people to Gilgal, their first encampment in Canaan, about two miles from Jericho. There the 12 stones... taken out of the Jordan were set up, perhaps in a small circle. The name Gilgal means "circle," and may have been taken from an ancient circle of stones of pagan significance. If so, the more recent circle commemorating Yahweh's great work would serve to counteract the idolatrous association of the site."

Giants

(Gen 6:4 KJV) "There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown."

The word "giants" in this verse has been translated from the Hebrew word 'nephiyl' or 'Nephilim' [Strong's 5303]. "It means a bully, a tyrant, a giant. It appears three times in the O.T. There was much controversy concerning these individuals. Since the etymology is uncertain, there is much speculation among reputable scholars. The translation 'giants' in the KJV came from the Septuagint and may be misleading. Does Gen 6:4 refer to the fall of angels? Were they apostates? It is possible that the word means 'heroes' or 'fierce warriors.' Until more evidence becomes available, perhaps it is wise to do as the RSV and NIV translations did, to render it "Nephilim."

(The Hebrew-Greek Key Study Bible)


"The form of the Hebrew word [Nephilim] denotes a plural verbal adjective or noun of passive signification, certainly from 'napal', 'to fall,' so that the connotation is 'the fallen ones,' clearly meaning the unnatural offspring that were on the earth in the years before the Flood, 'and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them' (Gen 6:4). The mention of the great stature of the Nephilim, the sons of Anak, in the evil report that the ten spies brought of the land of Canaan (Num 13:33) together with the LXX rendering, 'gigantes,' suggested the translation 'giants.' They were exceedingly wicked and violent so that 'every intent' of the thought of men's hearts 'was only evil continually'" (Gen 6:5).

(Unger, "The New Unger's Bible Dictionary", page 471.)


"The Hebrew word for giants (nephilim) literally means the fallen-down-ones because these tall celestial beings fell from the sky. Their half-breed progeny and their descendants are often mentioned in the early books of the Old Testament until the last of them were finally killed off. They were known as the Rephaim, Emim, Anakim, Horim, Avim, and Zamzummim. Some scholars speculate that this tradition of giants born from the union of gods and humans formed the basis for the demigods of Greek mythology."

(Raymond E. Fowler, The Watchers)


"Apparently these unnatural offspring, the Nephilim, were monstrous and they have been memorialized in the legends and myths of every ancient culture on planet Earth... The Nephilim also seem to be echoed in the legendary Greek demigods. Throughout Greek mythology we find that intercourse between the gods and women yielded half-god, half-man Titans, demigods, or heroes which were partly terrestrial and partly celestial. Hercules is but one example. The seductions attributed to Zeus include Thetis, Dione, Leda, Metis, and Europa."

(Chuck Missler, "Alien Encounters"; page 206.)


"That ancient figment, concerning the intercourse of angels with women, is abundantly refuted by its own absurdity; and it is surprising that learned men should formerly have been fascinated by ravings so gross and prodigious."

(John Calvin, Commentary on Genesis, Volume 1 (Chapters 1-23))

Rephaim

(Gen 14:5 KJV) "And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims [7497] in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,"

(Deu 2:10-11 KJV) "The Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; {11} Which also were accounted giants [7497], as the Anakims; but the Moabites call them Emims."

(Deu 2:20 KJV) "That also was accounted a land of giants[7497]: giants dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims;"

(2 Sam 5:18 KJV) "The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim [7497]."

[Strong's 7497]. rapha', raw-faw'; or raphah, raw-faw'; from H7495 in the sense of invigorating; a giant:--giant, Rapha, Rephaim (-s). See also H1051.

"Rephaim ('shades, ghosts') - the aboriginal giants who inhabited Canaan, Edom, Moab, and Ammon. (Unger, "The New Unger's Bible Dictionary", page 471.)


In Canaanite/Ugaritic mythology, Rephaim or "shades" are deities of the underworld. Compare this to:

(Psa 88:10) "Wilt thou show wonders to the dead? shall the dead arise and praise thee? Selah ."

(Job 26:5) "Dead things are formed from under the waters, and the inhabitants thereof."

The word "dead" in these verses is translated from "rapha" [Strong's 7496] which "describes those flaccid, feeble, weak persons who are living in Hades. They were languid, devoid of blood and animal life, but not lacking the powers of the mind, such as memory [ghosts, in other words]. They were the dead inhabitants of the netherworld, the ghosts of the dead, shades in Sheol." (The Hebrew-Greek Key Study Bible, page 1777). Note that while H7497 and H7496 are both "rapha", they are still distinguishable, but nonetheless, related in the Hebrew.