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knipmes
8th December 2011, 20:18
Lees eers hier... (http://www.wendag.com/forum/showthread.php/959-MANNA-MA-NA-EWIGE-LEWE-The-Book-of-Aquarius) knipmes



14. What Is It Made From?

The Stone is made out of only one ingredient.
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Know also that there is only one thing in the whole world that enters into the composition of the Stone, and that, therefore, all coagulation, and admixture, of different ingredients, would shew you to be on a wrong scent altogether.
The Glory of the World, Or, Table of Paradise, by Anonymous, 1526 AD
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From the one substance is evolved, first the White, and then the Red Tincture; there is one vessel, one goal, and one method.
The New Pearl of Great Price, by Peter Bonus, 1338 AD
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Not only is there nothing else used than this one ingredient, but you must be careful not to accidentally allow any other matter to become mixed with it. A small amount of dust or water would not ruin the work completely, but will certainly increase the time it takes to make it.
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For the pure substance is of one simple essence, void of all heterogeneity; but that which is impure and unclean, consists of heterogene parts, is not simple, but compounded (to wit of pure and impure) and apt to putrefy and corrupt. Therefore let nothing enter into your composition, which is alien or foreign to the matter, as all impurity is; for nothing goes to the composition of our stone, that proceedeth not from it neither in part nor in whole. If any strange or foreign thing be mixed with it, it is immediately corrupted, and by that corruption your work becomes frustrated.
The Root of the World, by Roger Bacon, 13th Cen.
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The ingredient is urine.

I understand this may sound strange, and suspiciously convenient, on first hearing, however, there is sound and logical reasoning for the Stone to be made from urine.

Firstly I must explain that the Stone could in theory be made from anything, since everything contains the life-energy to some degree, which is the active ingredient of the Stone. Urine contains this life-energy in high concentration, due to the fact that it has just come out of you, and you, as a living animal, are full of life-energy.

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The stone also is in everything, that is, Nature is in everything. And because Nature has in itself all names, and Nature is all the world, therefore the stone has many names and is said to be in everything: although one is nearer than another
Book of the Chemical Art, by Marsilius Ficinus, 15th Cen.
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let it be supposed, for an illustration of this subject, that any one would propose to make malt, he may effect his purpose in the other grains, but barley is generally chosen, because its germ is made to sprout by a less tedious process, which is to all intents and purposes what we want in the extraction of our mercury
On the Philosophers' Stone, by Anonymous, 12th - 17th Cen. (?)
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From the urine we will need to extract a distillate (water) and a salt. The life-energy is in the water, and since the life-energy is so volatile it will remain with the water even when the water is distilled (evaporated and condensed). Our bodies do not want to reject the life-energy in the urine, but have no choice since the life-energy is attached to the water.

Secondly, urine is the perfect ingredient because it is as of yet undetermined. That is, it has been well filtered, broken down and purified. It contains all kinds of different minerals, but in minute particles not yet assigned to any purpose.
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Our true and real Matter is only a Vapor, impregnated with the Metallic Seed, yet undetermined
Aphorisms of Urbigerus, by Baro Urbigerus, 1690 AD
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Following the cycles of Nature we can separate the dense and light particles, the lightest particles are a salt. It does not matter what the actual minerals are in the urine, we just want whatever is the lightest and most volatile, which will be in the form of a salt. It is necessary that our Stone has a body, it cannot be made with water alone. This salt is the perfect body because it will absorb the water, and is itself most volatile, but still in a solid form. Also since the salt is newly formed it is not yet stable and determined and will therefore easily break down, which is what we need it to do.

I hope you see the requirements for our substance. We are looking only for water containing an abundance of life-energy, and also very light matter which is ready to absorb the water and break down. There is nothing special or magical about urine, it is just that urine is already pure and prefiltered by our bodies, and it meets all the qualifications we are looking for. Other substances could be used, but urine has been found to be the most efficient by the alchemists, many of whom experimented with many different substances.

The best urine to use is that of a dark yellow color, since this means there is less water and more body, which is useful in the First Part of the work. Therefore the best time to collect the urine to be used for making the Stone is the first time you urinate in the morning. This fact has become an open secret, as you can see from the society so-named "Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn", who managed to figure out the true ingredient for the Philosophers' Stone, but unfortunately thought that this itself was a metaphor.
So to recap: the only ingredient of the Philosophers' Stone is urine, preferably obtained in the morning. You will need around 1 liter.
Following are some nice riddles from various alchemical books showing that the ingredient is urine.
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This Matter lies before the eyes of all; everybody sees it, touches it, loves it, but knows it not. It is glorious and vile, precious and of small account, and is found everywhere.
The Golden Tract Concerning the Stone of the Philosophers, by An Anonymous German Philosopher, 16th - 17th Cen. (?)
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Know that our Mercury is before the eyes of all men, though it is known to few. When it is prepared, its splendour is most admirable; but the sight is vouchsafed to none, save the sons of knowledge. Do not despise it, therefore, when you see it in sordid guise; for if you do, you will never accomplish our Magistery—and if you can change its countenance, the transformation will be glorious. For our water is a most pure virgin, and is loved of many, but meets all her wooers in foul garments, in order that she may be able to distinguish the worthy from the unworthy.
The Fount of Chemical Truth, by Eirenaeus Philalethes, 1694 AD
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when you shall be acquainted with the causes of this disposition you will admire that a Matter so corrupt should contain in itself such a heavenly like nature
Verbum Dismissum, by Count Bernard Trevisan, 15th Cen.
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by the ignorant and the beginner it is thought to be the vilest and meanest of things. It is sought by many Sages, and found by few;
[...] Men have it before their eyes, handle it with their hands, yet know it not, though they constantly tread it under their feet.
[...] [the matter is] very common, and may be everywhere obtained in abundance;
The Sophic Hydrolith, Or, Water Stone of the Wise, by Anonymous, 17th Cen.
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Our substance is openly displayed before the eyes of all, and yet is not known. [...] our water that does not wet the hands
The New Chemical Light, by Michael Sendivogius, 17th Cen.
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There is something which everyone recognizes, and whoever does not recognize it will rarely, perhaps never find it. The wise man will keep it and the fool will throw it away, and the reduction comes easily to the man who knows it.
A Magnificent and Select Tract on Philosophical Water, by Anonymous, 13th - 17th Cen. (?)
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The wonderful Tao exists not far away from your own body. It is not necessarily found in the high mountains or in unknown waters.
Three Alchemical Poems, by Chang Po-tuan, 11th Cen. (Chinese)
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There is only one spring in all the world from which this water may be obtained. [...] It issues in a secret place, and its waters flow over all the world. It is familiar to all, yet none knows the principle, reason, or way to find the spring [...] For this reason, that Sage might well exclaim, "O water of a harsh and bitter taste!" For, in truth, the spring is difficult to find; but he who knows it may reach it easily, without any expense, labour, or trouble. The water is, of its own nature, harsh and bitter, so that no one can partake of it; and, because it is of little use to the majority of mankind, the Sage doth also exclaim, "O water, that art lightly esteemed by the vulgar, who do not perceive thy great virtues, in thee lie, as it were, hid the four elements. Thou hast power to dissolve, and conserve, and join nature, such as is possessed by no other thing upon earth."
[...] It is called Rebis (Two-thing), is a Stone, Salt, one body, and, to the majority of mankind, a vile and despised thing. [...] Our Matter is one of the commonest things upon earth, and contains within itself the four elements. It is, indeed, nothing short of marvellous that so many seek so ordinary a thing, and yet are unable to find it.
[...] The two are really only one very limpid water, which is so bitter as to be quite undrinkable. The quantity of this water is so great that it flows over the whole earth, yet leads to nothing but the knowledge of this Art. The same also is misused too often by those who desire it. Take also the "fire," and in it you will find the Stone, and nowhere else in the whole world. It is familiar to all men, both young and old, is found in the country, in the village, in the town, in all things created by God; yet it is despised by all. Rich and poor handle it every day. It is cast into the street by servant maids. Children play with it. Yet no one prizes it, though, next to the human soul, it is the most beautiful and the most precious thing upon earth, and has power to pull down kings and princes. Nevertheless, it is esteemed the vilest and meanest of earthly things. It is cast away and rejected by all.
[...] For the Stone is prepared out of nothing in the whole world, except this substance, which is essentially one. He who is unacquainted therewith can never attain the Art. It is that one thing which is not dug up from mines, or from the caverns of the earth, like gold, silver, sulphur, salt, &c., but is found in the form which God originally imparted to it. It is formed and manifested by an excessive thickening of air; as soon as it leaves its body, it is clearly seen, but it vanishes without a trace as soon as it touches the earth, and, as it is never seen again, it must therefore be caught while it is still in the air.
[...] For no one would dream of buying the true Matter at the apothecary's; nay, that tradesman daily casts it into the street as worthless refuse.
[...] XXXVII. PYTHAGORAS, in his Fourth Table, says: How wonderful is the agreement of Sages in the midst of difference! They all say that they have prepared the Stone out of a substance which by the vulgar is looked upon as the vilest thing on earth. Indeed, if we were to tell the vulgar herd the ordinary name of our substance, they would look upon our assertion as a daring falsehood. But if they were acquainted with its virtue and efficacy, they would not despise that which is, in reality, the most precious thing in the world. God has concealed this mystery from the foolish, the ignorant, the wicked, and the scornful, in order that they may not use it for evil purposes.
[...] The Stone is mystic, or secret, because it is found in a secret place, in an universally despised substance where no one looks for the greatest treasure of the world. Hence it may well be called The HIDDEN STONE.
The Glory of the World, Or, Table of Paradise, by Anonymous, 1526 AD
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knipmes
12th December 2011, 20:18
15. The Time

It's difficult to determine exactly how long it will take to make the Stone, since this depends upon many factors.
· The main factors which affect the time are:
· How well you distil and purify you substance in the First Part.
· How accurate is the degree of heat.
· The ambient (room) temperature.
· The size and shape of your vessel (flask).
· The quantity of the substance.
There are also other less important factors, such as air pressure and astrological implications, but these are outside of your control and so not worth worrying about.
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Compare Aurel. Augurell., Book III:
"Ye scarcely will anyone so exactly compute the years, As not either to diminish or add to their number"
For suitable material will sometimes accelerate the process, and unsuitable retard the same. Or intense heat will by a little exceed the measure, but water by much. And time and place will vary".
An Explanation of the Natural Philosopher's Tincture, of Paracelsus, by Alexander von Suchten, 16th Cen.
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However, an average amount of time for the whole process is 3 years. You could possibly get this down to 18 months if you take more effort in the First Part and have all the factors under strict control. Also, it could easily take 5 or even 8 years if the conditions are not so good.

It takes a long time to make the Stone, but the work is not hard, nor does it require much effort. For the most part you simply need to check on the progress whenever you like, or at least every couple of weeks. Therefore even a very busy person can find time to make the Stone. The time is long but the work is easy.
The alchemical books are very obscure with the time. They do it on purpose to test the patience and dedication of the beginner. It works. Most people have no idea it takes years to make the Stone, and so eventually give up, even if they were on the right track. Some of the alchemical books directly lie about how long it takes, but as a rough guide you can assume they mean a year when they say a month, a month when they say a week, and a week when they say a day.
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The proper duration of our Magistery, and the day and hour of is nativity and generation, are also shrouded in obscurity. Its conception, indeed, takes place in a single moment; here we are to notice the conjunction of the purified elements and the germ of the whole matter; but if we do not know this, we know nothing of the entire Magistery. There are certain signs which occur with great regularity, at their own proper times and seasons, in the development of this Stone; but if we do not understand what they are, we are as hopelessly in the dark as before. The same remark applies to the exact proportions in which the different elements enter into its composition. The time required for the whole operation is stated by Rhasis to be one year; Rosinus fixes it at nine month; others at seven; others at forty, and yet others at eighty, days.
[...] I knew a man says Gregory, who began the work in the right way, and achieved the White Tincture; but when there was some delay about the appearance of the Red Colour, he gave up in despair, etc. This man knew the simple elements of our Art, their purification, commixtion, and the different signs which were to appear; he was ignorant only of the day and hour in which the conjunction of the simple elements and the completion of the work might be expected; and because he did not know what to do at the right time, the whole Magistery vanished from his sight. For the White Stone was net yet fixed, and, being exposed to too much heat, it evaporated.
The New Pearl of Great Price, by Peter Bonus, 1338 AD
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The Wise reduce years to months, months to weeks, weeks to days.
A Golden and Blessed Casket of Nature's Marvels, by Benedictus Figulus, 1607 AD
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You should certainly try to optimize the heat and other factors in order to make the Stone sooner. However, you should not rush the Stone. You can't rush nature. If you want to accelerate Nature you have to play by its rules, it won't play by yours.
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Bear in mind that the chief error in this Art is haste
The Epistle of Bonus of Ferrara, by Peter Bonus, 14th Century
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You must not yield to despondency, or attempt to hasten the chemical process of dissolution. For if you do so by means of violent heat, the substance will be prematurely parched up into a red powder, and the active vital principle in it will become passive, being knocked on the head, as it were, with a hammer.
[...] Patience is, therefore, the great cardinal virtue in Alchemy.
A Brief Guide to the Celestial Ruby, by Eirenaeus Philalethes, 1694 AD
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you must exercise considerable patience in preparing our Elixir, if it is to become all that you wish it to become. No fruit can grow from a flower that has been plucked before the time. He who is in too great a hurry, can bring nothing to perfection, but is almost sure to spoil that which he has in hand.
The Twelve Keys, by Basilius Valentinus, 15th Cen.
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The greater haste we make, the less will be our speed.
The Chemical Treatise, Or, The Ordinal of Alchemy, by Thomas Norton, 1477 AD
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knipmes
12th December 2011, 20:22
16. The Heat

Most of the work in making the Stone consists of optimizing the heat to be the perfect temperature. The degree of heat must be under strict control; too much and you will destroy the work, too little and it will not develop.

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the external fire of the furnace should be neither too violent (in order that the equilibrium of chemical forces in the substance may not be disturbed), nor yet too gentle, so that the action of the inward fire may not languish for want of outward heat. It should be just such as to keep up an equable vital warmth.
A Brief Guide to the Celestial Ruby, by Eirenaeus Philalethes, 1694 AD
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The happy prosecution of the whole work, consists in the exact temperament of the fire; therefore beware of too much heat, lest you come to solution before the time, viz., before the mater is ripe; for that will brig you to despair of attaining the end of your hopes.
[...] Close up well they vessel, and pursue to the end. For there is no generation of things, but by putrefaction, by keeping out the air, and a continual internal motion, with an equal and gentle heat.
The Root of the World, by Roger Bacon, 13th Cen.
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In the First Part of the Work and the very last part, you will be using high heat. A high degree of heat is called by the alchemists a "dry heat" because it causes all the moisture to be evaporated. To avoid damaging the glassware, the maximum temperature you should use is 500°F/260°C.

However, the majority of the Work requires a "moist heat", which means that the body is never dried out completely, and the moisture is circulating. .A moist heat evaporates off most (but not all) of the moisture, then allows it to condense and rain back down onto the body, in an imitation of Nature's water cycle.
The exact degree of heat required is, like the time it takes, difficult to state as an absolute since it is relative and depends on your matter and vessel. The trick is just to adjust the heat so that the moisture circulates (evaporates and condenses) as efficiently as possible.


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The water, or fire, being subtle, ascends, while the body is hard, and remains where it is. The separation must be accomplished by gentle heat, i.e., in the temperate bath of the Sages, which acts slowly, and is neither too hot nor too cold. Then the Stone ascends to heaven, and again descends from heaven to earth. The spirit and body are first separated, then again joined together by gentle coction, of a temperature resembling that with which a hen hatches her eggs.
The Glory of the World, Or, Table of Paradise, by Anonymous, 1526 AD
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This then is the thing, that the vessel with the medicine be put into a moist fire; to wit, that the middle or one half of the vessel be in a moist fire, or balneo, of equal heat with horse-dung, and the other half out of the fire, that you may daily look into it.
The Root of the World, by Roger Bacon, 13th Cen.
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In the beginning of the Second Part, the degree of heat required will likely be equal to, or slightly above, body temperature (100°F/37°C). The heat will need to be increased as the Stone develops to the black, white and red stages. Common sense should be able to inform you of the degree of heat required. It should be a comforting degree of heat, not an aggressive degree of heat, and it should support the circulation of the moisture.


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Therefore saith Rhasis, be very diligent and careful in the sublimation and liquefaction of the matter, that you increase not your fire too much, whereby the water may ascend to the highest part of the vessel. For then wanting a place of refrigeration, it will stick fast there, whereby the sulphur of the elements will not be perfected. For indeed in this work, it is necessary that they be many times elevated, or sublimed, and depressed again. And the gentle or temperate fire is that only which completes the mixture, makes thick, and perfects the work.
The Root of the World, by Roger Bacon, 13th Cen.
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knipmes
12th December 2011, 20:27
17. Different Methods


As you may have guessed, there is not only one possible method or one possible ingredient in the world for the making of the Stone. There are several ways to get to the same place. As long as you are following the rules of Nature you will get the Stone by whatever method you use. Some methods will be more efficient (quicker) than others.


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many ways have been sought to the Tincture of the Philosophers, which finally all came to the same scope and end.
The Book Concerning the Tincture of the Philosophers, by Theophrastus Paracelsus, 16th Cen.
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For the making whereof several operations have been invented by several philosophers, that that might be completed by art which was left by Nature; since Nature herself is always inclined toward her own perfection.
Book of the Chemical Art, by Marsilius Ficinus, 15th Cen.
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The method I am presenting in this book is, I'm sure, not the most efficient method possible. But it is the method I know and is a tried and tested method, developed over thousands of years by some of the greatest minds.
It is the First Part of the Work which is most open to alternative methods. The ingredient you choose, which for us is urine, could be something else, if you could find something more pure with the right qualities. There may also be a more efficient method of processing the ingredient than the one I will give in the following chapters.


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The second difficulty consists in the apparent disagreement of those who profess to exercise our Art at the present day. Amongst those persons are observed a great diversity of method, and a considerable variety even in the choice of their substance.
[...] It appears indeed as if there were many roads to our Art, and not one only. Geber avers that there are many ways to produce one effect. The same opinion is expressed by Rhasis in his book on the Perfect Magistery, where he speaks of bodies and spirits, and their purification and divers and manifold composition.
The New Pearl of Great Price, by Peter Bonus, 1338 AD
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In order to predict other substances which could be used as our ingredient we must consider the laws and cycles of Nature. A good understanding of Nature and alchemy, understanding how and why the process works, will enable you to also guess at other substances which could be used. It makes sense to me that urine is most efficient for the extraction of the body (salt), and also contains much life-energy in its water. However, it would make logical sense that semen, blood and fresh fruit juice also contain a high concentration of life-energy (which is the active principle), perhaps more than urine, or perhaps not. I have not experimented with these, as in my experience it takes so long to experiment that it would be quicker to just make the Stone the traditional way. We can certainly be sure that the alchemists tried different substances and experiments themselves, and since all of the more recent alchemists (since the 16th century) certainly used urine, it would be logical to assume that urine is the best choice of ingredient. But it is also possible they did not publish their experiments in other substances if they found one to greatly decrease the time it takes, since the old alchemists would want to test the dedication of the beginner.

For the body you are looking for a very volatile salt, which can absorb the moisture and break down. The water must contain an abundance of life-energy. Both must be pure, containing as little as possible of anything else. It is not necessary that we use only one substance for both, but it has been found that urine supplies both requirements. It would be possible to use the salt of the urine, but the water from another substance.

Nevertheless, the safe and sure option is to use urine, and it is the method I will present. For anyone who wishes to try a different substance, it would be wise to make the Stone with only urine at the same time and in parallel, so as you do not waste too much of your time if your method fails. To use a different substance follow the same instructions as I present, only substituting your substance for the urine.

The method I present (using only urine) is a relatively new one, it is sometimes called the "dry method" due to the calcination in the First Part, and made famous (among the alchemists) by Paracelsus in the 16th century. Though it is probably an older method, which Paracelsus rediscovered. The older alchemists (before Paracelsus) used distilled urine and gold, which is less efficient (and more expensive) than using only urine. It takes more than twice the time as the urine only method.

By the older method, using distilled urine and gold, sometimes called the "wet method", one would be relying on the life-energy in the distilled urine to break down the gold. This will work because gold is a very pure substance, with a lot of life-energy inside it, and will eventually break down with a little convincing from the distilled urine. But it makes much more sense to use the lighter particles from the urine itself, as these are pure, but not so dense and not already determined like gold.

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Hereof I have now determined to write much, although in the beginning of this Book I decreed to bury it in silence. This is the one great sophism of all adepts; some speak of this common gold and silver, and say the truth, and others say that we cannot use it, and they too, say the truth. But in the presence of God I will call all our adepts to account, and charge them with jealous surliness. I, too, had determined to tread the same path, but God's hand confounded my scheme. I say then, that both ways are true, and come to the same thing in the end—but there is a vast difference at the beginning.
An Open Entrance to the Closed Palace of the King, by An Anonymous Sage and Lover of Truth, 1645 AD
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Theophrastus shews you two ways --- one Ancient, the other discovered and used by himself --- saying the Ancients had a very long way "before accomplishing the aforesaid separations and achieving their object". In the beginning they, out of a Simplex --- or also out of a Subjectivum like God Himself --- and also Theophrastus, have made two things, viz., Water and Earth". And he continues to say: "that Artists have to these two Simplices given the name Lili --- afterwards using the said Simplices and not one". But know it is indifferent whether you, in the beginning, use one or two things. If our matter is found in one thing, it will equally well be found in two (Nature having already converted the original One into Two).
[...] Now, I wot there is no one who would not wish to know this shorter method; and that you may not have to complain of Theophrastus, he shews you another short way, admonishing you also to let the above tedious process be, and to take from the Lion nought but his rosy blood, and from the Eagle the white gluten. These two bodies you must coagulate together and bring into one body, as it were male and female seed.
An Explanation of the Natural Philosopher's Tincture, of Paracelsus, by Alexander von Suchten, 16th Cen.
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if you know how to amalgamate our Mercury simplex with your common Gold, which is dissolved, vivified, and renewed by it, you may be sure of effecting the Great Elixir, although neither so quick, so natural, nor so rich, as you might have done without it. And this is our third way.
The Amalgamation of our Mercury simplix [distilled urine] with common Gold consists only in the right Proportion, and in the indissoluble Union of both, which is done without any external Heat in a very short time [this is a lie, it takes a very long time], without which exact Proportion and right Union nothing of any Moment is to be expected from their Marriage.
Know then, that this right Proportion is ten parts of our Mercury simplex to one of your finest common Gold in filings, which is dissolved in it, like Ice in common Water, after an imperceptible manner, and as soon as the Dissolution is over, the Coagulation and Putrefaction presently follow, which Effect, it you find not, 'tis a sign, that the Mercury exceeds its due Proportion. Now when your Gold has been thus well amalgamated, united, putrefied, and inseparably digested with our Mercury simplex, you will then have only our Philosophical Sulfur, in which time one might easily have performed the whole Work, working without common Gold.
Aphorisms of Urbigerus, by Baro Urbigerus, 1690 AD
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knipmes
12th December 2011, 20:33
18. Understanding the Writings

Now that we've covered the theory, I will give you a short glossary to aid you in understanding the alchemical books in case you choose to study them further.

You should now have a good idea about the principles of Nature which operate on the development of the Stone, and this should be enough to understand the alchemical writings. However, I will help you out by explaining the meaning of the words used by the alchemists.

Unfortunately the alchemists were in the habit of not only using several words for one thing, but also using one word for several things, and different alchemists used each word to mean different things. So you still have to work out the meaning according to the context, which you will be able to do with an understanding of the natural process. Some of the alchemists made up their own words and symbols, so all I can cover here are the commonly used words.
The following should not be considered definitions, but merely a rough guide to help you to understand some of the ways the alchemists have used these words.

mercury. Usually represents distilled urine, or the Stone itself at any stage of the process, or just urine. More rarely used to represent the white salt.
sulphur. Usually represents either the white salt, or any impure substance not needed. Sometimes used to represent the Stone at any stage of the process.
alkahest. The Stone, red or white.
amalgam. The definition is an alloy. In alchemy it represents when two things are combined into one, such as the beginning of the Second Part of the process, or the Stone at any stage.
aqua fortis. Nitric acid, which is never used in alchemy. Sometimes it can mean the same as mercury.
aqua vitae. "living water", same as mercury.
argent vive. Same as mercury.
art. Alchemy.
body. Usually represents the white salt, or the Stone at any stage, or anything else which makes up the bulk of whatever you're dealing with.
book of nature. The world itself. To learn by experience and observation of Nature.
calcine (calcination). To dry, traditionally with strong dry heat, but the alchemists sometimes use it to refer to a drying with gentle heat.
cinnabar. Same as mercury.
coagulate (coagulation). A liquid becoming a solid.
conjunction. The joining together of two things (e.g. the white salt and distilled urine.)
common. Something referred to as "common" means it's the normal substance, without any metaphor (e.g. common gold.)
crow. Represents the black (putrefaction) stage of the process.
dew. Same as mercury.
digestion. Same as putrefy.
distil (distillation). To evaporate and condense. In alchemy this is always done with low-heat.
dove. Usually represents the White Stone, or sometimes the distilled urine.
eagles. Represents distillation.
elixir. The Stone, White or Red.
fermentation. When the White or Red Stone is mixed with silver or gold respectively.
first matter. Either urine, or the life-energy.
gold. Sometimes represents normal gold, otherwise represents either the Red Stone, or the white salt, or the Stone at any part of the process.
great work. The process of making the Stone.
hermaphrodite. When the white salt and distilled urine have been combined.
hermetically sealed. An airtight seal.
imbibe (imbibition). To absorb moisture until saturated.
king. Usually represents the Red Stone.
lead. Normal lead, or same as sulphur.
lion. A metaphor for something difficult to overcome, or sometimes used to represent the black mass of the urine, which has the white salt inside it.
living. Same as our, also implies the substance contains life-energy, or has been changed by an alchemical process. (E.g. "living gold", depending on the context, could represent urine, the white salt, or the Stone at any stage.)
magnesia. Same as mercury.
moon (luna). Feminine principle. Usually represents the White Stone, or the distilled urine (even though some alchemists consider the distilled urine to be the masculine principle.) Can also represent silver.
multiplication. When the Stone is increased in quantity and/or quality.
of the sages. A word with "of the sages" after it is a clue that the previous word is a metaphor, e.g. "mercury of the sages".
our. A word with "our" before it is a clue that the following word is a metaphor, e.g. "our mercury".
pelican. The vessel (not a special vessel as some think, just a normal round one.)
philosophical. Same as our, e.g. "philosophical mercury".
phoenix. A mythological bird said to live hundreds of years, then die in a ball of fire, from which it is born again from the ashes. This symbol represents Nature's process of generation from corruption, all things must be destroyed before they can further develop. This fundamental concept applies to all things, including our Stone, and our civilization. In alchemy the symbol usually represents the Red Stone, or the entire process itself.
projection. When the Stone is used to turn metals into silver or gold.
putrefy (putrefaction). Breaking down, decomposition.
queen. Usually represents the White Stone.
quicksilver. Same as mercury.
quintessence. Usually represents the active principle (what I am calling life-energy).
raven. Represents the black (putrefaction) stage of the process.
rebis. When the white salt and distilled urine have been combined.
salt. Usually represents the white salt.
seed. Same as common usage, but broader as alchemists insist that everything has a seed.
soul. Usually represents the life-energy.
spirit. Distilled urine.
sublime (sublimation). A substance changing state, such as a solid becoming a liquid, or a liquid becoming a gas. In alchemy this often means the same as distillation (a liquid becoming a gas and then a liquid again). Each sublimation, changing the state of matter up and then down again (liquid-gas-liquid), makes the substance purer.
sun (sol). Masculine principle. Usually represents the Red Stone, or the white salt. Can also represent gold.
tincture. The Stone, White or Red.
vulcan. Roman god of useful fire. In alchemy "Vulcan's fire" is a degree of heat which will cause circulating evaporation and condensation. Vulcan was created as an alchemical symbol.
vulgar. Same as common.
water. Same as mercury.

I will follow with an example:

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"A spirit is given for a time to the body, and that spirit is the life of a soul. If the spirit draws the soul to itself, they are both severed from the body. Then are there three abiding in the same place, until the precious body is dissolved, and is decomposed and dies. But after a time the spirit and the soul are brought back by gentle warmth, and hold once more their former seat. Then you have the essence; no perfection is wanting, and the work is glorified by a joyful end."

The Sophic Hydrolith, Or, Water Stone of the Wise, by Anonymous, 17th Cen.
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Translation: The urine contains both water and salt, the life-energy is in the water. If the water is distilled the life-energy will go with it. The three (salt, distilled urine, life-energy) being put together will break down (putrefy) and turn black. But after a time the water is brought back with a moist-heat, and all combines. Then you have the Stone; it is perfect, and the work is glorified by a joyful end.

knipmes
12th December 2011, 20:51
19. Overview

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The work is easy and the medicine is not far away. If the secret is disclosed, it will be so simple that everyone may get a good laugh.
Wu Chen P'ien, Essay on the Understanding of Truth, by Chang Po-tuan, 1078 AD (Chinese)
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There are two parts to our Great Work. Both parts follow the same laws of Nature that we addressed in our theory.

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The first operation, which is done by hand, is the first stage of the work, which consists in Sublimation and Purification. The second operation, in which the artist has nothing to do but look on, is the second stage of the work.
The New Pearl of Great Price, by Peter Bonus, 1338 AD
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In the First Part we give Nature a head start by manually performing some of nature's operations, and removing the densest particles, so as to accelerate the whole process. If you did not perform this first part, the process would still work, but it may well take longer than your lifetime.
We will repeatedly distil (with low heat) and calcine the urine, in order to separate it into layers according to density. We will then take only the lightest (most subtle) of the particles, which will be in the form of a white salt, and discard the rest of the body. Then further distil the urine to make it as pure as possible, so only the lightest particles remain. This leaves us at the end of the First Part with a white salt, and a well distilled urine. The First Part will take around 3 months.


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by artificial distillation, the spirit can be separated from phlegmatic wateriness and earthy impurity, a residue remaining. From which residue, after calcinations, is extracted a white salt
An Anonymous Treatise Concerning the Philosopher's Stone, by Anonymous, 12th - 17th Cen. (?)
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In the Second part, we combine the salt and distilled urine, hermetically seal them in a vessel of the correct specifications, and let Nature do its thing. At this stage we only need to make sure it is subjected to the correct degree of heat.
To combine the salt and distilled urine we heat gently until the salt absorbs and becomes saturated with the distilled urine, which can take up to one year, or longer. Then we just need to watch for the matter to putrefy and turn black, then purify and turn white, adjusting the heat accordingly. When the matter turns white, we have the


White Stone.


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Reduce the Matter (which is one), to powder, put it, together with its water, in a well-closed vessel, and expose it to continuous, gentle heat, which will then begin to operate, while the moisture favours the decomposition.
A Demonstration of Nature, by John A. Mehung, 16th - 17th Cen. (?)
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The White Stone can then be "fermented" with silver in order to stabilize it and make it capable of withstanding higher heat. You can think of this as trapping the life-energy inside a material body (the silver.)


The White Stone can be subjected to higher heat, which will mature it into the Red Stone. The Red Stone must itself be "fermented" with gold.


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Without a proper ferment the Moon cannot become the Sun, but the substance, having nothing to prevent it from doing so, will again revert to water.
The Epistle of Bonus of Ferrara, by Peter Bonus, 14th Cen.
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There are no other ferments like these here. The ferment of silver is silver, the ferment of gold is gold, therefore don't look elsewhere!
Compound of Compounds, by Albertus Magnus, 13th Cen.
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You will then have...


the Philosophers' Stone.

It can be multiplied in quality and quantity by repeating the Second Part (which will be much quicker), or in other ways as will be discussed.


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For our multiplication (according to Raymundus) is nought but the reiteration of the process of our primordial creation.
An Explanation of the Natural Philosopher's Tincture, of Paracelsus, by Alexander von Suchten, 16th Cen.
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Die gereedskap volg in die Draad " The Alchemist's Way" [klik hier (http://www.wendag.com/forum/showthread.php/961-The-Alchemists-Way?p=5387#post5387)]