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Thread: Gosech Circle

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    Default Gosech Circle

    Germany to reopen 6,800-year-old mystery circle

    BERLIN - At the winter solstice this week, Germany is to open a replica of a mysterious wooden circle that is believed to be a temple of the sun built by a lost culture 6,800 years ago.

    The circle of posts, in a flat river plain at Goseck south of Berlin, has mystified scientists since its discovery in 1991 by an archaeologist studying the landscape from the air. An excavation found post holes and what may be the remains of ritual fires.

    Goseck has been dubbed the German Stonehenge, though it is twice as old as the Stonehenge megalithic circle in southern England and has no stones. The original wood rotted away long ago, but new palisades, or wooden walls, were constructed at Goseck this year.

    In a public works scheme, 2,300 oaken poles were erected in a circle on the same site over a seven-month period, with gateways opening to the points of the compass where the sun rises and sets on December 21.

    There are now two concentric wooden palisades, each 2.5 metres high, as well as a ditch and an earthen wall.

    A winter solstice festival with flaming torches and laser lights for an audience of thousands is to take place Wednesday as the sun sets over the southwest gate of the 75-metre-diameter circle.

    The Goseck Circle was apparently erected by Europe's first civilization, long before the cultures of Mesopotamia or the pyramids of Egypt, and is one of the best studied of 150 monumental sites arrayed through Germany, the Czech Republic, Austria and Slovenia.

    Each comprises four concentric rings of earth and wood, indicating a common culture using a standard design.

    The realization that a very early European farming people built such vast sites has arrived in little more than a decade. Textbooks that assume late Stone Age Europe was far more primitive than the Middle East must be rewritten.

    Archaeologists know nothing of the appearance or language of the people and can only surmise about their religious beliefs. The culture is known only as that of stroke-ornamented ceramic ware, from fragments of pottery it left.

    The jars and bowls had their decoration jabbed into the soft clay with a kind of fork to form zig-zag lines. The whole period of stroke-ornamented pottery is limited to 4900 to 4650 BC.

    The Goseck Circle is claimed to have been a sort of calendar that told the people farming the fertile plain when it was time to begin counting the days till spring planting. But it may also have served as a marketplace and a place of refuge in times of war.

    Francois Bertemes, who heads the prehistoric archaeology institute at nearby Halle-Wittenberg University, claims the site marks the start of world astronomy and surmises that it was a place of fertility rituals that would have included weddings.

    Excavation of the 6,000-square-metre site found two "sacrificial" pits containing fragments of human bone. There was evidence of a very hot fire in both, but the ash had been removed, which Bertemes sees as a sign that humans were sacrificed.

    The dig also turned up hundreds of pottery fragments and cattle bones.

    Bertemes' views remain controversial.

    Christoph Heiermann, spokesman for the Saxony state archaeological service, said this year that the purpose of the quadruple enclosures, which inspired his agency's new four-ring publicity logo, is still unknown.

    "We prefer to just speak of central places where people gathered. We don't know what they did there. Maybe they were temples. Or markets," he said. The scientific community had not yet accepted that Goseck was an observatory.

    Bus tours of Stone Age and Bronze Age sites are already coming through Goseck, which is only 25 kilometres from the German town of Nebra, where an extraordinary bronze-and-gold map of the heavens dating from 3,600 years ago was discovered in 1999.



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    Default Bezvodovka Solar Observatory

    Solar Observatory in Ukraine

    written by Oleksandr Klykavka

    Kurgan-group-Roblenytsi-1.jpg

    Bezvodovka is a solar observatory. It is an ancient Bronze Age architectural monument of land architecture, science and spirituality spanning nearly 20 square kilometres. The research in this blog post is unique and exploratory because it contradicts the accepted interpretation of the site. Current mainstream interpretations of these are burial mounds of nomadic tribes. Scholars have long studied the mounds at Bezvodovka and seem to feel they have them easily defined. New research, however, suggests that this site could be far more intriguing and amazing than the mainstream interpretation.

    In the Chernihiv region of Ukraine, near the city of Ichnia, at Bezvodovka plateau, there are a group of ancient mounds. Some of them were destroyed by people and machinery while the others that remain have been described by scholars as mounds of nomadic tribes from the 1st and 2nd centuries BCE. However, new knowledge has allowed us to unite the scattered mounds into a single complex of nearly 20 square kilometres. Aerial photography records and computer applications have made it possible to also determine the purpose of the mounds.

    Roblenytsi_burial_complex.jpg
    North-eastern and southern neighbours viziers Roblenytsi burial complex.

    If one stands in the centre of the mound complex, they may see the sun rise and set behind the manually-produced hills on the winter and summer solstice and the equinox. The most important holidays of the year fall on these very days. Bezvodovka appears to be an ancient solar observatory like the English Stonehenge or German Goseck.

    At Bezvodovka, the movements of the sun and other celestial bodies are marked on the horizon, making it easy to track the regularities of their movement over time. Bezvodovka is an instrument of incredible scale, the components of which are land, sky and cosmic objects. The dimensions of Bezvodovka observatory and distances between its principal sites, which range from 800 to 4000m, imply a high precision rate for the points of the sun emerging on the horizon.
    The solar observatory should be considered not only as an interesting archaeological monument but also as evidence of civilisation in Ukraine thousands of years ago. These people organised and constructed the means to research space and the stars. Bezvodovka has concealed its secrets for a long time, but now, through modern means, it reveals the knowledge of ancient astronomers.


    Bezvodovka Solar Observatory

    Sunset_on_Bezvodovtsi.jpg
    Sunset on Bezvodovtsi.

    On the three-verst map made by Fedor Schubert made in 1861, there are 6 mounds depicted in a circular position. Four of them have an elongated shape. It enables one to imagine how the complex may have looked 150 years ago. Four large mounds and one satellite mound have survived today; the others destroyed through human indifference.


    Example of Fedor Schubert’s
    Topographic map showing
    the location of the
    Bezvodovka solar mounds.
    Comparison to the same
    location today

    The remaining mounds allow us to presume that there were eight of them and they served as a site for astronomic observations. In the satellite photo, near the surviving mounds, one may see dark crosses at the place of the ploughed mounds. Six sites mark astronomic events such as sunrise and set in days of the winter and summer solstice and the autumn and spring equinox. It is unknown what the southern site points to. These sites may also have been used to observe the moon.

    Southwest-distant-viziers.jpg
    Southwest distant viziers

    It could be suggested that the observatory was built around the same time as the famous solar observatories of Arkaim and Stonehenge, three to five thousand years ago. This conclusion can be drawn for the following reasons:


    1. Arkaim is located at Latitude 52039′ North, and the Stonehenge is located at Latitude 51011′ North, Bezvodovka is located at Latitude 50031′ North. The three observatories, at the distance of nearly two thousand kilometres between one another, are located within a single belt where the real shape of the Earth (non-ideal sphere) intercrosses with the imaginable correct shape.
    2. The diameter of the central circle at Arkaim is 150 m, the one of Stonehenge is 100 m, and the one at Bezvodovka is 185 m. The three observatories have a Northern-eastern view of the sunrise on June 22 – the longest day in a year.



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    Default Re: Gosech Circle

    Holy Geometry

    While the geometry of the Bezvodovka solar observatory is determined by the terrain of the area, its mathematical proportions perfectly fit the landscape. The horizon observatory of Bezvodovka is not a random group of land mounds but a planned complex. The physical evidence of this is the proportions laid by the architects into the observatory’s structure.

    The proportion is quite simple. However, the mathematics of Bezvodovka are not limited to said proportions. I cannot express how amazed I was, in comparing the distances between the centre and the distant sites, when I discovered the ‘golden number‘ F or “golden proportion”.

    Euclid was the first to describe the golden proportion in 300 BCE. However, this proportion, or ‘harmonic distribution’, as it is also called, was used by the ancient Egyptians in their architecture. The proportion is divine because nature is based on it: seeds in a sunflower’s heart, the mollusc’s shell, DNA spiral’s curve, the human body, spirals of the cyclones and distant galaxies are all arranged using the ‘golden proportion’ or ‘golden” number’. Within nature, one may also find a ‘golden angle‘ which is equal to 137,50. An interesting and, probably, nonrandom coincidence is that the angle between the azimuth of the rise of the sun on June 22, the day of summer solstice (490 ) and the azimuth of its setting on September 22, the day of autumn equinox (271,50 ) is also a ‘golden angle’ with the value of 137,50.

    Northeast-near-Roblenyts-sight.jpg
    Northeast near Roblenyts sight.


    If one placed a Fibonacci ‘golden spiral’ over the observatory so that its beginning comes from the centre, the spiral will proceed through a few close sites and then some distant ones. Now it is clear why the distance between the centre the western distant site is specifically 830m rather than 700 or 1000m. The Fibonacci spiral also explains the distance of 2960m to some distant sites. Consequently, the entire structure of the Bezvodovka horizon observatory is transfused with the “golden number”.

    Now a most interesting question – who required such knowledge and for what purpose?

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    Default Re: Gosech Circle

    Divine Geometry II

    The close sites called ‘Robleni Mohyly’ (“Made Graves”) form a circle with the diameter of 185m. Furthermore, the four distant sites create a circle with a radius of 2960m. In order to make a circle of such scale, one should know the geometry of the circle and its basic component – 3,14. The distance from the centre to the Northern distant site (1830 m) and the distance between the southern-eastern and southern-western distant sites (5746 m), is equal to 3.14. This indicates that the radius of the circle is 1830 m.

    Length of the circle L = 2 π r = 2*3.14*1830 = 11492 m.
    Length of the circle L is to the line between SE and SW sites as 11492 : 5746, namely 2:1.
    Area of the triangle (sides 4540; 5746; 4770) S∆ = 10,51 sq km.
    Area of the circle (radius 1830 m) Sо = πr2 = 3,14 * 18302 = 10,51 sq km.

    As one may see from the calculations, all values are not accidental and they are related. If one of them is changed, this connection will be lost.
    Here comes the most interesting part! There are no indications of this fact in the available research. Therefore, I will be the first to state it and reveal a secret of thousands of years.

    Ostrytsi-Southern-distant-viziers.jpg
    Mounds Ostrytsi, Southern distant viziers.

    Bezvodovka observatory is located at Latitude 50о51′, that is the same angle of inclination of the Great Pyramid. However, why does the pyramid indicate this very latitude? The circumference of our planet at Latitude 50°51 is equal to 24768 km. The relation of the length of the equator to the circumference of the planet, which is indicated by the Great Pyramid, is 40075km / 24768 km = 1,618

    This is a golden proportion underlying the architecture of the Pyramid of Cheops and Bezvodovka. At this very latitude five horizon observatories known today are located:

    Avebury 51°25” North
    Stonehenge 51°10” North
    Goseck 51°12” North
    Bezvodovka 51°12” North
    Arkaim 52°38” North

    Therefore, the ancient engineers and astronomers possessed a system of knowledge in the domain of mathematics, geodesy, astronomy, and philosophy, which enabled them to create a measuring device of enormous dimensions such as the Bezvodovka solar observatory. Current mainstream interpretations of this site suggest these are the mere mounds of nomadic tribes. However, the solar observatory and the geometry of Bezvodovka imply it is an incredible technological achievement whose significance needs to be recognised.

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    Default Ancient Arkaim: The Stonehenge of Russia

    Ancient Arkaim: The Stonehenge of Russia


    An archaeological expedition led by the University of Chelyabinsk in 1987 discovered an ancient fortified settlement in the Southern Urals of Russia dating back to two or three thousands of years BC. The fortress, called Arkaim ( Ar-ka means sky and Im means Earth), is known as the Russian Stonehenge and is believed to be even older than Stonehenge itself.

    The site consists of two circular walls surrounded by a defensive wall and moat. In between the walls are located rectangular dwellings. The outer diameter is about 160 meters and a moat of about two meters surrounds the outer wall. The town had four gates oriented at cardinal points. Water was distributed through the town and excessive water was tunnelled out. About 35 houses were adjacent to the outer wall, their exits facing the main street of the settlement. A water and sewage system was also found, along with mines, metallic objects, pottery, ritualistic remains (such as sacrificial animal bones), utensils and furnaces. Near the fortress ground tombs were found. The complex design of the settlement shows that it must have been well planned and designed and not done in a random way, and is something completely different from other settlements of the Bronze Age. There are a few suggestions that the site has a similar structure as Troy (as described in the Iliad of Homer).

    arkaim.jpg

    It looks as though Arkaim served simultaneously as a fortress, dwelling, temple and social center. The site was occupied for about 200 years and then was suddenly deserted. But who were its inhabitants? Archaeologists have tried to find an answer since it was discovered, and though a proven answer has not been yet put forth, the majority believe that is was an ancient Indo-European civilization, probably the Aryan race .

    ArkaimPlan.jpg
    A layout map of Arkaim. Arkaim: 1987-1998" by D. G. Zdanowich, published by Chelyabinsk State University, pg 18

    Arkaim-aerial.jpg
    Aerial view of one of the spiral shaped settlements, believed to have been
    inhabited by the Aryan people ( tourism-review.com).

    Incidents reported include magnetic anomalies, strange lights, local fog and other strange phenomena that have attracted alien hunters and researchers alike. Other reports refer to hallucinations and feelings of disorientation at the site. None of this is proven, at least publicly, but astronomers have compared Arkaim to Stonehenge due to similarities in latitude, date and size. That includes astronomical phenomena such as sunsets, sunrises, equinox and solstice.

    Who built this settlement and why is certainly a mystery. Active work is still done at Arkaim and may lead to the answers someday.

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    Default Arkaim Russia’s Stonehenge

    Arkaim is one of those sites. Arkaim, or Аркаим in Russian, is considered by some to be the most important and enigmatic archaeological site in northern Europe. The site is wrapped in controversy and is sometimes referred to as Russia’s Stonehenge. It sits on the outskirts of the Chelyabinsk oblast in the southern Urals, just north of the Kazakhstan border. Though it’s not a stone circle in the way that Stonehenge is a stone circle.


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    Default Ancient Aliens: Arkaim, the Russian Stonehenge

    Some believe that Arkaim might have been utilized by extraterrestrial beings when it was constructed.

    "Ancient Aliens" explores the controversial theory that extraterrestrials have visited Earth for millions of years.



    Arkaim_Infographic-en.jpg

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    Default Russian Enigma draws alien hunters, psychics to Urals


    Prehistoric Arkaim, of the Middle Bronze Age.


    Arkaim (Аркаим in Russian) is located north of the Russian borders with Kazakhstan, in the Southern Urals steppe. It was in 1935 when a military aerial photography in Chelyabinsk, in the Southern Urals, revealed several unusual circles covering a region more than 640 km long. Back then, no one could explain how they were constructed, and as a result, it was considered a mystery. The site and associated artefacts have been dated to the 17th century BCE and it’s generally agreed that it was built somewhere between 4000-5000 years ago, which puts it in the same age bracket as Stonehenge.

    Based on this first official sighting of Arkaim, during 1960s scientists identified a complex of 17 fortresses. At the same time a study on ancient peoples of the Eurasian steppe begun. In 1987, Arkaim was rediscovered under the guidance of archaeologist Gennadii Zdanovich, who was in charge of the excavation campaign.

    Arkaim is the remnants of an ancient village that was fortified by two large stone circular walls. The circles of dwellings were separated by a street that had a central square in the center.

    arkaim-a-russian-stonehenge.jpg

    The outside massive wall is 5,5 meters high and 5 meters wide with four gates. The city was burned to the ground, so the full extent of the remains is now becoming apparent. However, archaeologists have unearthed pottery covered in swastikas, the symbol of life and eternity.

    Arkaim is also known as the “Swastika City”. As we all know the swastika is the appropriated sign of the Nazis and of the so-called Aryan race. The second reason is that the settlement is thought to have been of the Sintashta culture, which is an Indo-Iranian race (actually a language identity) of the ancient Eurasian Steppe, or in common terms, the Aryan race. So, as you can see, there are those who would like to assert that Arkaim is in fact the birthplace of the superior white race of humans, though few in mainstream science see any value in that line of reasoning.

    Certain archaeoastronomers believe it was built with astronomical observation in mind, suggesting a connection with Stonehenge, however, this theory is not universally accepted. Local people have reported UFO sightings in the area while others believe in the positive energy of nearby Shamanka and Grachinaya Mountains.

    Today, Arkaim is an archaeological site as well as a pilgrimage. Hundreds of people visit it every year and coat themselves with clay to treat skin diseases. According to local people, Arkaim is a sacred place.

    Up to now Arkaim, Stonehenge, and the Khazar city of Sarkel are only a few of the widely known historic settlements. However, even more interesting sites will hopefully be revealed in the near future.



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