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Thread: The Gospel of Thomas

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    Default The Gospel of Thomas

    The Gospel of Thomas

    by Geoffrey Clarfield

    In the Bible we read that Jesus once said, “One who seeks will find, and for one who knocks it will be opened.” Such wisdom has supported the faith of millions of Christians for almost 2,000 years. For most of the faithful this and other sayings are part and parcel of Jesus’ divine nature. Other admirers of Jesus have accepted his words, but rejected the supernatural phenomena that are reported in the Gospel narratives. One of the most controversial of these admirers was Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States.

    Jefferson believed that for more than 1,500 years the words of Jesus had been obscured by the original editors and later interpreters of the New Testament. He decided to edit out every supernatural aspect of the Gospels, leaving the bare narrative of Jesus’ life and death and everything of note that he said. In 1820 Jefferson presented a few close friends and family members with a text that he called The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth.

    I have spent part of this pre-Christmas season reading an online version of the document. It is an austere intellectual tract, very much in the spirit of the deism of so many 18th century men of letters. In this version of the Gospels there is no miraculous birth. Jesus is not described as a deity of any sort. There are no angels, there are no miracles and there is no resurrection. There is not a shred of anything supernatural in what has come to be called Jefferson’s Bible.

    Jefferson was confident that every Christian scholar and theologian was wrong and he was right. But he kept the text hidden from the general public because publishing it would have triggered an outrage. That’s why the text languished in the private papers of Jefferson’s descendants until it was finally rehabilitated as a historical curiosity, published and made available to the wider American public in 1895.

    Jefferson’s Gospel describes a religious teacher who is dedicated to a cluster of basic values. These include an intolerance of hypocrisy, recognition that the world’s material and materialist values are not part of the Kingdom of God and a host of moral exhortations that tell us to be just, work toward peaceful resolutions of conflict, live modestly and give out of generous motives. Jefferson he believed that Jesus was the greatest moral teacher who ever lived.

    Jefferson’s Gospel would have become a curious footnote in the intellectual history of 18th century thinkers had it not been for recent archaeological discoveries that have turned the world of biblical scholarship and Protestant belief and practice upside down. While the U.S. Congress was giving out copies of Jefferson’s Bible, two intrepid Englishmen were digging up fragments of ancient papyrus in the sands of Egypt at a site called Oxyrhynchus. Between 1897 and 1903 Grenfell and Hunt found fragments of a manuscript dated between AD 130-250. They were Greek fragments of an ancient version of the Gospels. One of the fragments says, “These are the… sayings… the living Jesus spoke… also called Thomas.”

    Until that time scholars of Christianity had been aware of the previous existence of a manuscript called the Gospel of Thomas, as it had been denounced by the third century AD Christian theologian Hippolytus. No doubt it had been destroyed after the first Christian emperor Constantine had established by decree the final text of the New Testament in the third century. This eventually resulted in the adoption of the Nicene Creed by his newly declared Christian Roman Empire. A few decades later the Bishop of Alexandria sent a letter to Egyptian Christian monks asking them to destroy their now “heretical” manuscripts. The Gospel of Thomas was one of these banned books, so the monks hid it near the Nile. It was discovered by Egyptian peasants who brought them to the world of scholarship just after the Second World War.

    Stevan Davies is one of the world’s scholarly experts on the Gospel of Thomas. He believes that it may have a first century origin, suggesting that it existed at the same time that the four Gospels were being edited. Davies believes that the content of the Gospel of Thomas preceded these gospels and that many of the sayings and parables in the Gospels came from the Thomas manuscript. They may even constitute the original words of Jesus.

    The Gospel of Thomas is a more radical version of Jefferson’s Gospel. In Thomas there is no historical narrative whatsoever. There is a conspicuous absence of miracles; no loaves and fishes, no bringing Lazarus back from the dead, no resurrection. There are also no high priests of the Temple handing Jesus over to the Romans and no crucifixion. The Jews are not the bad guys and there is only one mild criticism of Pharisees in the entire text. Instead, we are confronted with a tantalizing set of sayings and commentary that bares a curious resemblance to the writings of the Chinese Daoist mystic Lao Tzu. Yet some of the overlap with sayings found in the New Testament is uncanny. Some scholars suggest that the Gospel of Thomas is the first historical manifestation of the sayings of Jesus.

    I am intrigued by the Gospel of Thomas. It seems to be about a mystical struggle to get in touch with the sacred that is in all of us. It asks us to look inward and find the kingdom of God that is inside us. One does not have to be a Christian to contemplate this journey. In the Gospel of Thomas Jesus says, Do not tell lies and do not do what you hate, for all things are plain in the sight of heaven. He also tells us to Love your brother like your soul, guard him like the pupil of your eye. Most strikingly he tells us, If those who lead you say to you ‘See, the kingdom is in the sky’ then the birds of the sky will precede you. If they say to you ‘It is in the sea’ then the fish will precede you. Rather the kingdom is inside of you and it is outside of you.

    The Gospel of Thomas is a dynamic text. It is one of those discoveries that are not only changing our view of the past but our conceptions of who we are, and what we may become.

    The Gospel of Thomas

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    Default Re: The Gospel of Thomas

    The Gospel of Thomas


    The Gospel of Thomas
    The "Scholars' Translation" of the Gospel of Thomas by Stephen Patterson and Marvin MeyerM.W. Grondin's Interlinear Coptic-English Gospel of Thomas
    These are
    the secret sayings that the living Jesus spoke and Didymos Judas Thomas
    recorded.
    These are
    the hidden words that the living Jesus spoke. And Didymos Judas Thomas wrote
    them down.
    1 And he
    said, "Whoever discovers the interpretation of these sayings will not
    taste death."
    1. And he said: "Whoever finds
    the meaning
    of
    these words will not taste of death."
    2 Jesus
    said, "Those who seek should not stop seeking until they find. When they
    find, they will be disturbed. When they are disturbed, they will marvel, and
    will reign over all. [And after they have reigned they will rest.]"
    Jesus says: 2.1 "The
    one who seeks should not cease seeking until he finds.
    2.2 And
    when he finds, he will be dismayed.
    2.3 And
    when he is dismayed, he will be astonished.
    2.4 And
    he will be king over the All."
    3 Jesus
    said, "If your leaders say to you, 'Look, the (Father's) kingdom is in
    the sky,' then the birds of the sky will precede you. If they say to you, 'It
    is in the sea,' then the fish will precede you. Rather, the kingdom is within
    you and it is outside you.
    When you
    know yourselves, then you will be known, and you will understand that you are
    children of the living Father. But if you do not know yourselves, then you
    live in poverty, and you are the poverty."
    Jesus says: 3.1 "If
    those who lead you say to you: 'Look, the kingdom is in the sky!'
    then
    the birds of the sky will precede you.
    3.2 If
    they say to you: 'It is in the sea,' then the fishes will precede you.
    3.3 Rather,
    the kingdom is inside of you, and outside of you."
    -3.4 "When
    you come to know yourselves, then you will be known,
    and
    you will realize that you are the children of the living Father.
    3.5 But
    if you do not come to know yourselves,
    then
    you exist in poverty, and you are poverty."
    4 Jesus
    said, "The person old in days won't hesitate to ask a little child seven
    days old about the place of life, and that person will live. For many of the
    first will be last, and will become a single one."
    Jesus says: 4.1 "The
    man old in his days will not hesitate to ask a child
    seven
    days old about the place of life, and he will live.
    4.2 For
    many who are first will become last,
    4.3 and
    they will become a single one."
    <o:p>('person' changed to 'man' in 4.1 --
    MWG)
    5 Jesus
    said, "Know what is in front of your face, and what is hidden from you
    will be disclosed to you. For there is nothing hidden that will not be
    revealed. [And there is nothing buried that will not be raised."]
    Jesus says: 5.1 "Come
    to know what is in front of you,
    and
    that which is hidden from you will become clear to you.
    5.2 For
    there is nothing hidden that will not become manifest."
    6 His
    disciples asked him and said to him, "Do you want us to fast? How should
    we pray? Should we give to charity? What diet should we observe?"
    Jesus
    said, "Don't lie, and don't do what you hate, because all things are
    disclosed before heaven. After all, there is nothing hidden that will not be
    revealed, and there is nothing covered up that will remain undisclosed."
    6.1 His disciples questioned him, (and)
    they said to him:
    6.1a "Do
    you want us to fast?
    6.1b And
    how should we pray
    6.1c and
    give alms?
    6.1d And
    what diet should we observe?"
    -6.2 Jesus
    said: "Do not lie.
    6.3 And
    do not do what you hate.
    6.4 For
    everything is disclosed in view of .
    6.5 For
    there is nothing hidden that will not become revealed.
    6.6 And
    there is nothing covered that will remain undisclosed."
    7 Jesus
    said, "Lucky is the lion that the human will eat, so that the lion
    becomes human. And foul is the human that the lion will eat, and the lion
    still will become human."
    Jesus says: 7.1a "Blessed
    is the lion that a person will eat
    7.1b and
    the lion will become human.
    7.2a And
    anathema is the person whom a lion will eat
    7.2b and the lion will become
    human."
    8 And he
    said, The person is like a wise fisherman who cast his net into the sea and
    drew it up from the sea full of little fish. Among them the wise fisherman
    discovered a fine large fish. He threw all the little fish back into the sea,
    and easily chose the large fish. Anyone here with two good ears had better
    listen!
    And he says: 8.1 "The
    human being is like a sensible fisherman who cast his net into the sea
    and
    drew it up from the sea filled with little fish.
    8.2 Among
    them the sensible fisherman found a large, fine fish.
    8.3 He
    threw all the little fish back into the sea,
    (and)
    he chose the large fish effortlessly.
    8.4 Whoever
    has ears to hear should hear."
    9 Jesus
    said, Look, the sower went out, took a handful (of
    seeds), and scattered (them). Some fell on the road, and the birds came and
    gathered them. Others fell on rock, and they didn't take root in the soil and
    didn't produce heads of grain. Others fell on thorns, and they choked the
    seeds and worms ate them. And others fell on good soil, and it produced a
    good crop: it yielded sixty per measure and one hundred twenty per measure.
    Jesus says: 9.1 "Look,
    a sower went out.
    He
    filled his hands (with seeds), (and) he scattered (them).
    9.2 Some
    fell on the path, and the birds came and pecked them up.
    9.3 Others
    fell on the rock, and did not take root in the soil,
    and
    they did not put forth ears.
    9.4 And
    others fell among the thorns,
    they
    choked the seeds, and worms ate them.
    9.5 And
    others fell on good soil, and it produced good fruit.
    It
    yielded sixty per measure and one hundred twenty per measure."
    10 Jesus
    said, "I have cast fire upon the world, and look, I'm guarding it until
    it blazes."
    Jesus says: 10 I have cast a fire upon the world, and
    see, I am guarding it until it is blazes."
    11 Jesus
    said, "This heaven will pass away, and the one above it will pass away.
    The dead are not alive, and the living will not die. During the days when you
    ate what is dead, you made it come alive. When you are in the light, what
    will you do? On the day when you were one, you became two. But when you
    become two, what will you do?"
    Jesus says: 11.1 "This heaven will pass away, and the (heaven) above it
    will pass away.
    11.2 And the dead are not alive, and the living will not die.11.3a] In the days when you consumed what was dead, you made it alive.11.3b When
    you are in the light, what will you do?
    11.4a On the day when you were one, you became two.11.4b But
    when you become two, what will you do?"
    12 The
    disciples said to Jesus, "We know that you are going to leave us. Who
    will be our leader?"
    Jesus said
    to them, "No matter where you are you are to go to James the Just, for
    whose sake heaven and earth came into being."
    12.1
    The disciples said to Jesus:
    "We
    know that you will depart from us. Who (then) will rule over us?"
    12.2 Jesus
    said to them:
    "No
    matter where you came from, you should go to James the Just,
    for
    whose sake heaven and earth came into being."
    13 Jesus
    said to his disciples, "Compare me to something and tell me what I am
    like."
    Simon
    Peter said to him, "You are like a just messenger."
    Matthew
    said to him, "You are like a wise philosopher."
    Thomas
    said to him, "Teacher, my mouth is utterly unable to say what you are
    like."
    Jesus
    said, "I am not your teacher. Because you have drunk, you have become
    intoxicated from the bubbling spring that I have tended."
    And he
    took him, and withdrew, and spoke three sayings to him. When Thomas came back
    to his friends they asked him, "What did Jesus say to you?"
    Thomas
    said to them, "If I tell you one of the sayings he spoke to me, you will
    pick up rocks and stone me, and fire will come from the rocks and devour
    you."
    13.1
    Jesus said to his disciples:
    "Compare
    me, tell me whom I am like.
    13.2 Simon
    Peter said to him: "You are like a just messenger."
    13.3 Matthew
    said to him: "You are like a (especially) wise philosopher."
    13.4 Thomas
    said to him:
    "Teacher,
    my mouth will not bear at all to say whom you are like."
    13.5 Jesus
    said: "I am not your teacher. For you have drunk,
    you
    have become intoxicated at the bubbling spring that I have measured
    out."
    13.6 And
    he took him, (and) withdrew, (and) he said three words to him.
    13.7 But
    when Thomas came back to his companions,
    they
    asked him: "What did Jesus say to you?"
    13.8 Thomas
    said to them:
    "If
    I tell you one of the words he said to me,
    you
    will pick up stones and throw them at me,
    and
    fire will come out of the stones (and) burn you up."
    14 Jesus
    said to them, "If you fast, you will bring sin upon yourselves, and if
    you pray, you will be condemned, and if you give to charity, you will harm
    your spirits.
    When you
    go into any region and walk about in the countryside, when people take you
    in, eat what they serve you and heal the sick among them.
    After all,
    what goes into your mouth will not defile you; rather, it's what comes out of
    your mouth that will defile you."
    Jesus said to them: 14.1 "If
    you fast, you will bring forth sin for yourselves.
    14.2 And
    if you pray, you will be condemned.
    14.3 And
    if you give alms, you will do harm to your spirits.
    14.4 "And
    if you go into any land and wander from place to place,
    (and)
    if they take you in, (then) eat what they will set before you.
    Heal
    the sick among them!
    14.5 For
    what goes into your mouth will not defile you.
    Rather,
    what comes out of your mouth will defile you."
    15 Jesus
    said, "When you see one who was not born of woman, fall on your faces
    and worship. That one is your Father."
    Jesus says: 15 "When
    you see one who was not born of woman,
    fall
    on your face (and) worship him.
    That
    one is your Father."
    16 Jesus
    said, "Perhaps people think that I have come to cast peace upon the
    world. They do not know that I have come to cast conflicts upon the earth:
    fire, sword, war.
    For there
    will be five in a house: there'll be three against two and two against three,
    father against son and son against father, and they will stand alone.
    Jesus says: 16.1 "Perhaps
    people think that I have come to cast peace upon the earth.
    16.2 But
    they do not know that I have come to cast dissension upon the earth:
    fire,
    sword, war.
    16.3 For
    there will be five in one house: there will be three against two
    and
    two against three, father against son and son against father.
    16.4 And they will stand as
    solitary ones."
    17 Jesus
    said, "I will give you what no eye has seen, what no ear has heard, what
    no hand has touched, what has not arisen in the human heart."
    Jesus says: 17 "I will give you what no eye
    has seen,
    and
    what no ear has heard, and what no hand has touched,
    and
    what has not occurred to the human mind."
    18 The
    disciples said to Jesus, "Tell us, how will our end come?"
    Jesus
    said, "Have you found the beginning, then, that you are looking for the
    end? You see, the end will be where the beginning is.
    Congratulations
    to the one who stands at the beginning: that one will know the end and will
    not taste death."
    18.1 The disciples
    said to Jesus: "Tell us how our end will be."
    18.2a] Jesus said: "Have you already discovered the beginning, that
    you are now asking about the end?
    18.2b For
    where the beginning is, there the end will be (too).
    18.3a] Blessed is he who will stand in the beginning.18.3b And
    he will know the end, and he will not taste death."
    <o:p> (Parentheses
    added around extra word 'too' --MWG)
    19 Jesus
    said, "Congratulations to the one who came into being before coming into
    being.
    If you
    become my disciples and pay attention to my sayings, these stones will serve
    you.
    For there
    are five trees in Paradise for you; they do not change, summer or winter, and
    their leaves do not fall. Whoever knows them will not taste death."
    Jesus says: 19.1 "Blessed
    is he who was, before he came into being.
    19.2 If
    you become disciples of mine (and) listen to my words,
    these
    stones will serve you.
    19.3 For
    you have five trees in Paradise
    that
    do not change during summer (and) winter,
    and
    their leaves do not fall.
    19.4 Whoever comes to know them
    will not taste death."
    20 The
    disciples said to Jesus, "Tell us what Heaven's kingdom is like."
    He said to
    them, It's like a mustard seed, the smallest of all seeds, but when it falls
    on prepared soil, it produces a large plant and becomes a shelter for birds
    of the sky.
    20.1
    The disciples said to Jesus:
    "Tell
    us whom the kingdom of heaven is like!"
    20.2 He
    said to them: "It is like a mustard seed.
    20.3 &lt;It&gt;
    is the smallest of all seeds.
    20.4 But
    when it falls on cultivated soil, it produces a large branch
    (and)
    becomes shelter for birds of the sky."
    21 Mary
    said to Jesus, "What are your disciples like?"
    He said,
    They are like little children living in a field that is not theirs. when the
    owners of the field come, they will say, "Give us back our field."
    They take off their clothes in front of them in order to give it back to
    them, and they return their field to them.
    For this
    reason I say, if the owners of a house know that a thief is coming, they will
    be on guard before the thief arrives and will not let the thief break into
    their house (their domain) and steal their possessions.
    As for
    you, then, be on guard against the world. Prepare yourselves with great
    strength, so the robbers can't find a way to get to you, for the trouble you
    expect will come.
    Let there
    be among you a person who understands.
    When the
    crop ripened, he came quickly carrying a sickle and harvested it. Anyone here
    with two good ears had better listen!
    21.1
    Mary said to Jesus: "Whom are your disciples like?"
    <o:p>21.2 He
    said: "They are like servants who are entrusted with a field that is not
    theirs.
    21.3 When
    the owners of the field arrive, they will say: ‘Let us have our field.’
    21.4 (But)
    they are naked in their presence so as to let them have it,
    (and
    thus) to give them their field."
    21.5
    "That is why I say:
    When
    the master of the house learns that the thief is about to come,
    he
    will be on his guard before he comes
    (and)
    will not let him break into his house, his domain,
    to
    carry away his possessions.
    21.6 (But)
    you, be on guard against the world!
    21.7 Gird
    your loins with great strength,
    so
    that the robbers will not find a way to get to you.
    21.8* For the necessities for which you wait (with
    longing) will be found.
    21.9* There ought to be a wise person among
    you!
    21.10* When
    the fruit was ripe, he came quickly with his sickle in his hand, (and) he
    harvested it.
    21.11* Whoever
    has ears to hear should hear."
    22 Jesus
    saw some babies nursing. He said to his disciples, "These nursing babies
    are like those who enter the kingdom."
    They said
    to him, "Then shall we enter the kingdom as babies?"
    Jesus said
    to them, "When you make the two into one, and when you make the inner
    like the outer and the outer like the inner, and the upper like the lower,
    and when you make male and female into a single one, so that the male will
    not be male nor the female be female, when you make eyes in place of an eye,
    a hand in place of a hand, a foot in place of a foot, an image in place of an
    image, then you will enter [the kingdom]."
    22.1
    Jesus saw infants being suckled. He said to his disciples:
    22.2 "These
    little ones being suckled are like those who enter the kingdom."
    <o:p>22.3 They
    said to him: "Then will we enter the kingdom as little ones?"
    22.4 Jesus
    said to them: "When you make the two into one
    and
    when you make the inside like the outside
    and
    the outside like the inside and the above like the below -
    22.5 that
    is, to make the male and the female into a single one,
    so
    that the male will not be male and the female will not be female -
    22.6 and
    when you make eyes instead of an eye and a hand instead of a hand
    and
    a foot instead of a foot, an image instead of an image,
    22.7 then you will enter [the
    kingdom]."
    23 Jesus
    said, "I shall choose you, one from a thousand and two from ten
    thousand, and they will stand as a single one."
    Jesus says: 23.1 "I
    will choose you, one from a thousand
    and
    two from ten thousand.
    23.2 And they will stand as a
    single one."

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    The Gospel of Thomas



    The Gospel of Thomas
    24 His disciples said, ";Show us the place where you are, for we must seek it.";He said to
    them, ";Anyone here with two ears had better listen! There is light
    within a person of light, and it shines on the whole world. If it does not
    shine, it is dark.";
    24.1
    His disciples said: ";Show us the place where you are,

    because
    it is necessary for us to seek it.";

    24.2 He
    said to them: ";Whoever has ears should hear!

    24.3 Light
    exists inside a man of light, and he shines on the whole world.

    If
    he does not shine, there is darkness.";

    -
    ('person' changed to 'man'. If, however, the pronouns are taken
    to be referring

    to
    the light rather than to the ";man of light";, which Patt-Rob note as a possibility,

    then
    'he' would become 'it' and 'person of light' would be acceptable. --MWG)

    AMM: I would go with the gender
    neutral translation ";person of light"; or ";human being of
    light,"; whether one chooses to interpret the masc. pronoun as referring
    to light or person.
    25 Jesus
    said, ";Love your friends like your own soul, protect them like the pupil
    of your eye.";
    Jesus says:
    25.1 ";Love
    your brother like your life!

    25.2 Protect him like the apple
    of your eye!";
    26 Jesus
    said, ";You see the sliver in your friend's eye, but you don't see the
    timber in your own eye. When you take the timber out of your own eye, then
    you will see well enough to remove the sliver from your friend's eye.";
    Jesus says:
    26.1 ";You
    see the splinter that is in your brother’s eye,

    but
    you do not see the beam that is in your (own) eye.

    26.2 When
    you remove the beam from your (own) eye,

    then
    you will see clearly (enough) to remove the splinter from your brother’s
    eye.";
    27
    ";If you do not fast from the world, you will not find the kingdom. If
    you do not observe the sabbath as a sabbath you will not see the
    Father.";
    27.1
    ";If you do not abstain from the world, you will not find the kingdom.

    27.2 If you do not make the
    Sabbath into a Sabbath, you will not see the Father.";
    28 Jesus
    said, ";I took my stand in the midst of the world, and in flesh I
    appeared to them. I found them all drunk, and I did not find any of them
    thirsty. My soul ached for the children of humanity, because they are blind
    in their hearts and do not see, for they came into the world empty, and they
    also seek to depart from the world empty.

    But
    meanwhile they are drunk. When they shake off their wine, then they will
    change their ways.";
    Jesus says:
    28.1 ";I stood in the middle of the world, and in flesh I
    appeared to them.

    28.2 I found all of them drunk. None of them did I find thirsty.
    28.3a] And my soul ached for the children of humanity,
    because
    they are blind in their heart, and they cannot see;

    28.3b for
    they came into the world empty,

    (and)
    they also seek to depart from the world empty.

    28.4 But now they are drunk.
    (But)
    when they shake off their wine, then they will change their mind.";
    29 Jesus
    said, ";If the flesh came into being because of spirit, that is a marvel,
    but if spirit came into being because of the body, that is a marvel of
    marvels.

    Yet I
    marvel at how this great wealth has come to dwell in this poverty.";
    Jesus says:
    29.1 ";If
    the flesh came into being because of the spirit, it is a wonder.

    29.2 But
    if the spirit (came into being) because of the body, it is a wonder of
    wonders.

    29.3 Yet I marvel at how this
    great wealth has taken up residence in this poverty.";
    30 Jesus
    said, ";Where there are three deities, they are divine. Where there are
    two or one, I am with that one.";
    Jesus says:
    30.1 ";Where
    there are three gods, they are gods.

    30.2 Where there are two or one,
    I am with him.";
    31 Jesus
    said, ";No prophet is welcome on his home turf; doctors don't cure those
    who know them.";
    Jesus says:
    31.1 ";No
    prophet is accepted in his (own) village.

    31.2 A physician does not heal
    those who know him.";
    32 Jesus
    said, ";A city built on a high hill and fortified cannot fall, nor can it
    be hidden.";
    Jesus says:
    32 ";A city built upon a high mountain
    (and)
    fortified cannot fall, nor can it be hidden.";
    33 Jesus
    said, ";What you will hear in your ear, in the other ear proclaim from
    your rooftops.

    After all,
    no one lights a lamp and puts it under a basket, nor does one put it in a
    hidden place. Rather, one puts it on a lampstand so that all who come and go
    will see its light.";
    Jesus says:
    33.1 ";What
    you will hear with your ear {with the other ear}

    proclaim
    from your rooftops.

    33.2 For
    no one lights a lamp (and) puts it under a bushel,

    nor
    does he put it in a hidden place.

    33.3 Rather,
    he puts it on a lampstand,

    so
    that everyone who comes in and goes out will see its light.";
    34 Jesus
    said, ";If a blind person leads a bind person, both of them will fall
    into a hole.";
    Jesus says:
    34 ";If
    a blind (person) leads a blind (person), both will fall into a pit.";
    35 Jesus
    said, ";One can't enter a strong person's house and take it by force
    without tying his hands. Then one can loot his house.";
    Jesus says:
    35.1 ";It
    is not possible for someone to enter the house of a strong (man)

    (and)
    take it by force unless he binds his hands.

    35.2 Then
    he will loot his house.";


    ('person' changed to 'man' in 35.1
    -- MWG)

    AMM: I would go for a more neutral
    translation here; the house of the strong (one). Neither the noun
    ";man"; nor 'person' appears in the text.
    36 Jesus
    said, ";Do not fret, from morning to evening and from evening to morning,
    [about your food--what you're going to eat, or about your clothing--] what
    you are going to wear. [You're much better than the lilies, which neither
    card nor spin.

    As for
    you, when you have no garment, what will you put on? Who might add to your
    stature? That very one will give you your garment.]";
    Jesus says:
    36 ";Do not worry from morning to
    evening

    and
    from evening to morning about what you will wear.";
    37 His disciples
    said, ";When will you appear to us, and when will we see you?";
    Jesus
    said, ";When you strip without being ashamed, and you take your clothes
    and put them under your feet like little children and trample then, then
    [you] will see the son of the living one and you will not be afraid.";
    37.1
    His disciples said:

    ";When
    will you appear to us, and when will we see you?";

    37.2 Jesus
    said: ";When you undress without being ashamed

    (and)
    take your clothes and put them under your feet

    like
    little children (and) trample on them,

    37.3 then [you] will see the son
    of the Living One, and you will not be afraid.";
    38 Jesus
    said, ";Often you have desired to hear these sayings that I am speaking
    to you, and you have no one else from whom to hear them. There will be days
    when you will seek me and you will not find me.";
    Jesus says:
    38.1 ";Many
    times you have desired to hear these words,

    these
    that I am speaking to you,

    and
    you have no one else from whom to hear them.

    38.2 There will be days when you
    will seek me, (and) you will not find me.";
    39 Jesus
    said, ";The Pharisees and the scholars have taken the keys of knowledge
    and have hidden them. They have not entered nor have they allowed those who
    want to enter to do so.

    As for
    you, be as sly as snakes and as simple as doves.";
    Jesus says:
    39.1 ";The
    Pharisees and the scribes have received the keys

    of
    knowledge, (but) they have hidden them.

    39.2 Neither
    have they entered,

    nor
    have they allowed to enter those who wish to.

    39.3 You,
    however, be as shrewd as serpents and as innocent as doves!";

    40 Jesus
    said, ";A grapevine has been planted apart from the Father. Since it is
    not strong, it will be pulled up by its root and will perish.";
    Jesus says:
    40.1 ";A
    grapevine was planted outside (the vineyard of) the Father.

    40.2 And since it is not
    supported, it will be pulled up by its root (and) will perish.";
    41 Jesus
    said, ";Whoever has something in hand will be given more, and whoever has
    nothing will be deprived of even the little they have.";
    Jesus says:
    41.1 ";Whoever
    has (something) in his hand, (something more) will be given to him.

    41.2 And whoever has nothing,
    even the little he has will be taken from him.";
    42 Jesus
    said, ";Be passersby.";
    42 Jesus said, ";Become passers-by.";
    43 His
    disciples said to him, ";Who are you to say these things to us?";

    ";You
    don't understand who I am from what I say to you.

    Rather,
    you have become like the Judeans, for they love the tree but hate its fruit,
    or they love the fruit but hate the tree.";
    43.1 His disciples
    said to him: ";Who are you to say this to us?";

    -
    43.2 ";Do you not realize from what I say to you who I am?
    43.3a] But you have become like the Jews!
    43.3b They
    love the tree, (but) they hate its fruit.

    43.3c Or they love the fruit, (but) they hate the
    tree.";
    44 Jesus
    said, ";Whoever blasphemes against the Father will be forgiven, and
    whoever blasphemes against the son will be forgiven, but whoever blasphemes
    against the holy spirit will not be forgiven, either on earth or in
    heaven.";
    Jesus says:
    44.1 ";Whoever
    blasphemes against the Father, it will be forgiven him.

    44.2 And
    whoever blasphemes against the Son, it will be forgiven him.

    44.3 But
    whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit,

    it
    will not be forgiven him, neither on earth nor in heaven.";
    45 Jesus
    said, ";Grapes are not harvested from thorn trees, nor are figs gathered
    from thistles, for they yield no fruit.

    Good
    persons produce good from what they've stored up; bad persons produce evil
    from the wickedness they've stored up in their hearts, and say evil things. For
    from the overflow of the heart they produce evil.";
    Jesus says:
    45.1 ";Grapes
    are not harvested from thorns, nor are figs picked from thistles,

    for
    they do not produce fruit.

    45.2 A
    good man brings forth good from his treasure.

    45.3 A
    bad man brings (forth) evil from the bad treasure

    that
    is in his heart, and (in fact) he speaks evil.

    45.4 For
    out of the abundance of the heart he brings forth evil.";

    ('person' changed to 'man' in 45.2-3
    -- MWG)
    46 Jesus
    said, ";From Adam to John the Baptist, among those born of women, no one
    is so much greater than John the Baptist that his eyes should not be averted.

    But I have
    said that whoever among you becomes a child will recognize the kingdom and
    will become greater than John.";
    Jesus says:
    46.1 ";From
    Adam to John the Baptist, among those born of women

    there
    is no one who surpasses John the Baptist

    so
    that his (i.e., John’s) eyes need not be downcast.

    46.2 But
    I have (also) said: 'Whoever among you becomes little

    will
    know the kingdom and will surpass John.'";
    47 Jesus
    said, ";A person cannot mount two horses or bend two bows. And a slave
    cannot serve two masters, otherwise that slave will honor the one and offend
    the other.

    ";Nobody
    drinks aged wine and immediately wants to drink young wine. Young wine is not
    poured into old wineskins, or they might break, and aged wine is not poured
    into a new wineskin, or it might spoil.

    An old
    patch is not sewn onto a new garment, since it would create a tear.";
    Jesus says:
    47.1 ";It
    is impossible for a person to mount two horses and to stretch two bows.

    47.2 And
    it is impossible for a servant to serve two masters.

    Else
    he will honor the one and insult the other.

    47.3 No
    person drinks old wine and immediately desires to drink new wine.

    47.4 And
    new wine is not put into old wineskins, so that they do not burst;

    nor
    is old wine put into (a) new wineskin, so that it does not spoil it.

    47.5 An old patch is not sewn
    onto a new garment, because a tear will result.";
    48 Jesus
    said, ";If two make peace with each other in a single house, they will
    say to the mountain, 'Move from here!' and it will move.";
    Jesus says:
    48 ";If
    two make peace with one another in one and the same house,

    (then)
    they will say to the mountain: 'Move away,' and it will move away.";
    49 Jesus
    said, ";Congratulations to those who are alone and chosen, for you will
    find the kingdom. For you have come from it, and you will return there
    again.";
    Jesus says:
    49.1 ";Blessed
    are the solitary ones, the elect.

    For
    you will find the kingdom.

    49.2 For you come from it (and)
    will return to it.";
    50 Jesus
    said, ";If they say to you, 'Where have you come from?' say to them, 'We
    have come from the light, from the place where the light came into being by
    itself, established [itself], and appeared in their image.'

    If they
    say to you, 'Is it you?' say, 'We are its children, and we are the chosen of
    the living Father.'

    If they
    ask you, 'What is the evidence of your Father in you?' say to them, 'It is
    motion and rest.'";
    Jesus says:
    50.1 ";If
    they say to you: 'Where do you come from?'

    (then)
    say to them: 'We have come from the light,

    the
    place where the light has come into being by itself,

    has
    established [itself] and has appeared in their image.'

    50.2 If
    they say to you: 'Is it you?' (then) say:

    'We
    are his children, and we are the elect of the living Father.'

    50.3 If
    they ask you: 'What is the sign of your Father among you?'

    (then)
    say to them: 'It is movement and repose.'";
    51 His
    disciples said to him, ";When will the rest for the dead take place, and
    when will the new world come?";

    He said to
    them, ";What you are looking forward to has come, but you don't know
    it.";
    51.1
    His disciples said to him:

    ";When
    will the &lt;resurrection&gt; of the dead take place,

    and
    when will the new world come?";

    51.2 He
    said to them:

    ";That
    &lt;resurrection&gt; which you are awaiting has (already) come,

    but
    you do not recognize it.";
    52 His
    disciples said to him, ";Twenty-four prophets have spoken in Israel, and
    they all spoke of you.";

    He said to
    them, ";You have disregarded the living one who is in your presence, and
    have spoken of the dead.";
    52.1
    His disciples said to him:

    ";Twenty-four
    prophets have spoken in Israel,

    and
    all (of them) have spoken through you.";

    52.2 He
    said to them:

    ";You
    have pushed away the living (one) from yourselves,

    and
    you have begun to speak of those who are dead.";

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    Default Re: The Gospel of Thomas

    The Gospel of Thomas


    The Gospel of Thomas
    53 His
    disciples said to him, "is circumcision useful or not?"

    He said to
    them, "If it were useful, their father would produce children already
    circumcised from their mother. Rather, the true circumcision in spirit has
    become profitable in every respect."
    53.1
    His disciples said to him:
    "Is
    circumcision beneficial, or not?"
    53.2 He
    said to them: "If it were beneficial,
    their
    father would beget them circumcized from their
    mother.
    53.3 But the true circumcision
    in the spirit has prevailed over everything."
    54 Jesus
    said, "Congratulations to the poor, for to you belongs Heaven's
    kingdom."
    Jesus says:54 "Blessed
    are the poor, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to you."
    55 Jesus
    said, "Whoever does not hate father and mother cannot be my disciple,
    and whoever does not hate brothers and sisters, and carry the cross as I do,
    will not be worthy of me."
    Jesus says:55.1 "Whoever
    does not hate his father and his mother
    cannot
    become a disciple of mine.
    55.2 And
    whoever does not hate his brothers and his sisters,
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' (and)
    will not take up his cross as I do, will not be worthy of me."
    56 Jesus
    said, "Whoever has come to know the world has discovered a carcass, and
    whoever has discovered a carcass, of that person the world is not
    worthy."
    Jesus says:56.1 "Whoever
    has come to know the world has found a corpse.
    56.2 And whoever has found
    (this) corpse, of him the world is not worthy."
    57 Jesus
    said, The Father's kingdom is like a person who has [good] seed. His enemy
    came during the night and sowed weeds among the good seed.
    The person
    did not let the workers pull up the weeds, but said to them, "No,
    otherwise you might go to pull up the weeds and pull up the wheat along with
    them." For on the day of the harvest the weeds will be conspicuous, and
    will be pulled up and burned.
    Jesus says:57.1 "The
    kingdom of the Father is like a man who had (good) seed.
    57.2 His
    enemy came by night. He sowed darnel among the good seed.
    57.3 The
    man did not allow (the servants) to pull up the darnel.
    He
    said to them: 'Lest you go to pull up the darnel
    (and
    then) pull up the wheat along with it.
    57.4 For
    on the day of the harvest the darnel will be apparent
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' and
    it will be pulled up (and) burned.'"
    ('person' changed to 'man' in 57.1,3
    -- MWG)
    58 Jesus
    said, "Congratulations to the person who has toiled and has found
    life."
    Jesus says: "Blessed
    is the man who has struggled. He has found life."
    ('person' changed to 'man' -- MWG)
    59 Jesus
    said, "Look to the living one as long as you live, otherwise you might
    die and then try to see the living one, and you will be unable to see."
    Jesus says: 59 "Look for the Living One while you are
    alive,
    so
    that you will not die and (then) seek to see him.
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' And
    you will not be able to see (him)."
    60 He saw
    a Samaritan carrying a lamb and going to Judea. He said to his disciples,
    "that person ... around the lamb." They said to him, "So that
    he may kill it and eat it." He said to them, "He will not eat it
    while it is alive, but only after he has killed it and it has become a
    carcass."
    [FONT=Verdana]
    They said,
    "Otherwise he can't do it."
    He said to
    them, "So also with you, seek for yourselves a place for rest, or you
    might become a carcass and be eaten."
    60.1
    He saw a Samaritan who was trying to steal a lamb
    while
    he was on his way to Judea.
    60.2 He
    said to his disciples: "That (man) is stalking the lamb."
    60.3 They
    said to him: "So that he may kill it (and) eat it."
    60.4 He
    said to them: "As long as it is alive he will not eat it,
    but
    (only) when he has killed it (and) it has become a corpse."
    60.5 They
    said: "Otherwise he cannot do it."
    60.6 He
    said to them: "You, too, look for a place for your repose
    so
    that you may not become a corpse (and) get eaten."
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' ('person' changed to 'man' in 60.2
    -- MWG)
    61 Jesus
    said, "Two will recline on a couch; one will die, one will live."
    Salome
    said, "Who are you mister? You have climbed onto my couch and eaten from
    my table as if you are from someone."
    Jesus said
    to her, "I am the one who comes from what is whole. I was granted from
    the things of my Father."
    "I am
    your disciple."
    "For
    this reason I say, if one is whole, one will be filled with light, but if one
    is divided, one will be filled with darkness."
    Jesus said:61.1 "Two
    will rest on a bed. The one will die, the other will live."
    -61.2 Salome
    said: "(So) who are you, man?
    You
    have gotten a place on my couch as a stranger
    and
    you have eaten from my table."
    61.3 Jesus
    said to her:
    "I
    am he who comes from the one who is (always) the same.
    I
    have been given some of that which is my father’s."
    -61.4 "I
    am your disciple!"
    -61.5a] Therefore I say: If
    someone becomes like (God), he will become full of light.
    61.5b But
    if he becomes one, separated (from God),
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' he
    will become full of darkness.
    62 Jesus
    said, "I disclose my mysteries to those [who are worthy] of [my]
    mysteries.
    Do not let
    your left hand know what your right hand is doing."
    Jesus says:62.1 "I
    tell my mysteries to those who [are worthy] of [my] mysteries.
    62.2 Whatever
    your right hand does,
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' your
    left hand should not know what it is doing."
    63 Jesus
    said, There was a rich person who had a great deal of money. He said, "I
    shall invest my money so that I may sow, reap, plant, and fill my storehouses
    with produce, that I may lack nothing." These were the things he was
    thinking in his heart, but that very night he died. Anyone here with two ears
    had better listen!
    Jesus says:63.1 "There
    was a rich man who had many possessions.
    63.2 He
    said: 'I will use my possessions so that I might sow, reap, plant,
    (and)
    fill my storehouses with fruit so that I will not lack anything.'
    63.3 This
    was what he was thinking in his heart.
    And
    in that night he died.
    63.4 Whoever
    has ears should hear."
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' ('person' changed to 'man' in 63.1
    -- MWG)
    64 Jesus
    said, A person was receiving guests. When he had prepared the dinner, he sent
    his slave to invite the guests.
    The slave
    went to the first and said to that one, "My master invites you."
    That one said, "Some merchants owe me money; they are coming to me
    tonight. I have to go and give them instructions. Please excuse me from
    dinner."
    The slave
    went to another and said to that one, "My master has invited you."
    That one said to the slave, "I have bought a house, and I have been
    called away for a day. I shall have no time."
    The slave
    went to another and said to that one, "My master invites you." That
    one said to the slave, "My friend is to be married, and I am to arrange
    the banquet. I shall not be able to come. Please excuse me from dinner."
    The slave
    went to another and said to that one, "My master invites you." That
    one said to the slave, "I have bought an estate, and I am going to
    collect the rent. I shall not be able to come. Please excuse me."
    The slave
    returned and said to his master, "Those whom you invited to dinner have
    asked to be excused." The master said to his slave, "Go out on the
    streets and bring back whomever you find to have dinner."
    Buyers and
    merchants [will] not enter the places of my Father.
    Jesus says:64.1 "A
    man had guests. And when he had prepared the dinner,
    he
    sent his servant so that he might invite the guests.
    64.2 He
    came to the first (and) said to him: 'My master invites you.'
    64.3 He
    said: 'I have bills for some merchants. They are coming to me this evening.
    I
    will go (and) give instructions to them. Excuse me from the dinner.'
    64.4 He
    came to another (and) said to him: 'My master has invited you.'
    64.5 He
    said to him: 'I have bought a house,
    and
    I have been called (away) for a day. I will not have time.'
    64.6 He
    went to another (and) said to him: 'My master invites you.'
    64.7 He
    said to him: 'My friend is going to marry,
    and
    I am the one who is going to prepare the meal.
    I
    will not be able to come. Excuse me from the dinner.'
    64.8 He
    came to another (and) said to him: 'My master invites you.'
    64.9 He
    said to him: 'I have bought a village. Since I am going to collect the rent,
    I
    will not be able to come. Excuse me.'
    <o:p>64.10 The
    servant went away. He said to his master:
    'Those
    whom you invited to the dinner have asked to be excused.'
    64.11 The
    master said to his servant: 'Go out on the roads.
    Bring
    (back) whomever you find, so that they might have dinner.'
    64.12 Dealers
    and merchants [will] not enter the places of my Father."
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' ('person'
    replaced by 'man' in 64.1 --MWG)
    65 He
    said, A [...] person owned a vineyard and rented it to some farmers, so they
    could work it and he could collect its crop from them.
    He sent
    his slave so the farmers would give him the vineyard's crop. They grabbed
    him, beat him, and almost killed him, and the slave returned and told his
    master. His master said, "Perhaps he didn't know them."
    He sent
    another slave, and the farmers beat that one as well. Then the master sent
    his son and said, "Perhaps they'll show my son some respect."
    Because the farmers knew that he was the heir to the vineyard, they grabbed
    him and killed him.
    Anyone
    here with two ears had better listen!
    65.1
    He said: "A [...] owned a vineyard.
    He
    gave it to some farmers so that they would work it
    (and)
    he might receive its fruit from them.
    65.2 He
    sent his servant so that the farmers
    might
    give him the fruit of the vineyard.
    65.3 They
    seized his servant, beat him, (and) almost killed him.
    The
    servant went (back and) told his master.
    65.4 His
    master said: 'Perhaps they did not recognize him.'
    65.5 He
    sent another servant, (and) the farmers beat that other one as well.
    65.6 Then
    the master sent his son (and) said:
    'Perhaps
    they will show respect for my son.'
    65.7 (But)
    those farmers, since they knew that he was the heir
    of
    the vineyard, seized him (and) killed him.
    65.8 Whoever
    has ears should hear."
    ('userer' replaced by ellipsis in 65.1
    -- MWG)
    [FONT=Verdana]
    66 Jesus
    said, "Show me the stone that the builders rejected: that is the
    keystone."
    Jesus says:66 "Show
    me the stone that the builders have rejected.
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' It
    is the cornerstone."
    67 Jesus
    said, "Those who know all, but are lacking in themselves, are utterly
    lacking."
    Jesus says:67 "Whoever
    knows all, if he is lacking one thing,
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' he
    is (already) lacking everything."
    68 Jesus
    said, "Congratulations to you when you are hated and persecuted;
    and no
    place will be found, wherever you have been persecuted."
    Jesus says:68.1 "Blessed
    are you when(ever) they hate you (and) persecute you.
    68.2 But
    they (themselves) will find no place there
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' where
    they have persecuted you."
    69 Jesus
    said, "Congratulations to those who have been persecuted in their
    hearts: they are the ones who have truly come to know the Father.
    Congratulations
    to those who go hungry, so the stomach of the one in want may be
    filled."
    Jesus says:69.1 "Blessed
    are those who have been persecuted in their heart.
    They
    are the ones who have truly come to know the Father."
    69.2 "Blessed
    are those who suffer from hunger
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' so
    that the belly of the one who wishes (it) will be satisfied."
    70 Jesus
    said, "If you bring forth what is within you, what you have will save
    you. If you do not have that within you, what you do not have within you
    [will] kill you."
    Jesus says:70.1 "If
    you bring it into being within you, (then) that which you have will save you.
    70.2 If
    you do not have it within you,
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' (then)
    that which you do not have within you [will] kill you."
    71 Jesus
    said, "I will destroy [this] house, and no one will be able to build it
    [...]."
    Jesus says: 71 "I will [destroy this] house, style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' and
    no one will be able to build it [again]."
    72 A
    [person said] to him, "Tell my brothers to divide my father's
    possessions with me."
    He said to
    the person, "Mister, who made me a divider?"
    He turned
    to his disciples and said to them, "I'm not a divider, am I?"
    72.1
    A [man said] to him: "Tell my brothers
    that
    they have to divide my father’s possessions with me."
    72.2 He
    said to him: "Man, who made me a divider?"
    72.3 He
    turned to his disciples (and) said to them:
    "I
    am not a divider, am I?"
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' ('person' changed to 'man' in 72.1
    -- MWG)
    73 Jesus
    said, "The crop is huge but the workers are few, so beg the harvest boss
    to dispatch workers to the fields."
    Jesus says: 73 "The harvest is plentiful, but there
    are few workers.
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' But
    beg the Lord that he may send workers into the harvest."
    74 He
    said, "Lord, there are many around the drinking trough, but there is
    nothing in the well."
    He said: 74 "Lord, there are many around the
    well,
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' but
    there is nothing in the well."
    75 Jesus
    said, "There are many standing at the door, but those who are alone will
    enter the bridal suite."
    Jesus says: 75 "Many are
    standing before the door,
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' but
    it is the solitary ones who will enter the wedding hall."
    76 Jesus
    said, The Father's kingdom is like a merchant who had a supply of merchandise
    and found a pearl. That merchant was prudent; he sold the merchandise and
    bought the single pearl for himself.
    So also
    with you, seek his treasure that is unfailing, that is enduring, where no
    moth comes to eat and no worm destroys."
    Jesus says:76.1 "The
    kingdom of the Father is like a merchant
    who
    had merchandise and found a pearl.
    76.2 That
    merchant is prudent.
    He
    sold the goods (and) bought for himself the pearl alone.
    76.3 You
    too look for his treasure which does not perish,
    (and)
    which stays where no moth can reach it to eat it,
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' and
    no worm destroys it."
    77 Jesus
    said, "I am the light that is over all things. I am all: from me all
    came forth, and to me all attained.
    Split a
    piece of wood; I am there.
    Lift up
    the stone, and you will find me there."
    Jesus says:77.1 "I
    am the light that is over all. I am the All.
    The
    All came forth out of me. And to me the All has come."
    -77.2 "Split
    a piece of wood -- I am there.
    77.3 Lift the stone, and you
    will find me there."
    78 Jesus
    said, "Why have you come out to the countryside? To see a reed shaken by
    the wind? And to see a person dressed in soft clothes, [like your] rulers and
    your powerful ones? They are dressed in soft clothes, and they cannot
    understand truth."
    Jesus says:78.1 "Why
    did you go out to the countryside?
    To
    see a reed shaken by the wind,
    78.2 and
    to see a person dressed in soft clothing
    [like
    your] kings and your great persons?
    78.3 They
    are dressed in soft clothing
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' and
    will not be able to recognize the truth."
    79 A woman
    in the crowd said to him, "Lucky are the womb that bore you and the
    breasts that fed you."
    He said to
    [her], "Lucky are those who have heard the word of the Father and have
    truly kept it. For there will be days when you will say, 'Lucky are the womb
    that has not conceived and the breasts that have not given milk.'"
    79.1
    A woman in the crowd said to him:
    "Hail
    to the womb that carried you
    and
    to the breasts that fed you."
    79.2 He
    said to [her]: "Hail to those who have heard
    the
    word of the Father (and) have truly kept it.
    79.3 For
    there will be days when you will say:
    "Hail
    to the womb that has not conceived
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' and
    to the breasts that have not given milk."
    80 Jesus
    said, "Whoever has come to know the world has discovered the body, and
    whoever has discovered the body, of that one the world is not worthy."
    Jesus says:80.1 "Whoever
    has come to know the world has found the (dead) body.
    80.2 But whoever has found the
    (dead) body, of him the world is not worthy."
    81 Jesus
    said, "Let one who has become wealthy reign, and let one who has power
    renounce ."
    Jesus says:81.1 "Whoever
    has become rich should be king.
    81.2 And the one who has power
    should renounce (it)."
    82 Jesus
    said, "Whoever is near me is near the fire, and whoever is far from me
    is far from the kingdom."
    Jesus says:82.1 "He
    who is near me is near the fire.
    82.2 And he who is far from me
    is far from the kingdom."
    83 Jesus
    said, "Images are visible to people, but the light within them is hidden
    in the image of the Father's light. He will be disclosed, but his image is
    hidden by his light."
    Jesus says:83.1 "The
    images are visible to humanity,
    but
    the light within them is hidden in the image.
    83.2 {}The
    light of the Father will reveal itself
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' but
    his image is hidden by his light."
    84 Jesus
    said, "When you see your likeness, you are happy. But when you see your
    images that came into being before you and that neither die nor become
    visible, how much you will have to bear!"
    Jesus says:84.1 "When
    you see your likeness, you are full of joy.
    84.2 But
    when you see your likenesses that came into existence before you
    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt' --
    they neither die nor become manifest -- how much will you bear?"

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    Default Re: The Gospel of Thomas

    The Gospel of Thomas

    The Gospel of Thomas
    85 Jesus
    said, "Adam came from great power and great wealth, but he was not
    worthy of you. For had he been worthy, [he would] not [have tasted]
    death."
    Jesus says:
    85.1 "Adam
    came from a great power and great wealth.

    But
    he did not become worthy of you.

    85.2 For if he had been worthy,
    (then) [he would] not [have tasted] death."
    86 Jesus
    said, "[Foxes have] their dens and birds have their nests, but human
    beings have no place to lay down and rest."
    Jesus says:
    86.1 "[Foxes
    have] their holes, and birds have their nest.

    86.2 But the son of man has no
    place to lay his head down (and) to rest."
    87 Jesus
    said, "How miserable is the body that depends on a body, and how
    miserable is the soul that depends on these two."
    Jesus says:
    87.1 "Wretched
    is the body that depends on a body.

    87.2 And wretched is the soul
    that depends on these two."
    88 Jesus
    said, "The messengers and the prophets will come to you and give you
    what belongs to you. You, in turn, give them what you have, and say to
    yourselves, 'When will they come and take what belongs to them?'"
    Jesus says:
    88.1 "The
    messengers and the prophets are coming to you,

    and
    they will give you what belongs to you.

    88.2 And
    you, in turn, give to them what you have in your hands, (and) say

    to
    yourselves: 'When will they come (and) take what belongs to them?'"
    89 Jesus
    said, "Why do you wash the outside of the cup? Don't you understand that
    the one who made the inside is also the one who made the outside?"
    Jesus says:
    89.1 "Why
    do you wash the outside of the cup?

    89.2 Do
    you not understand that the one who created the inside

    is
    also the one who created the outside?"
    90 Jesus
    said, "Come to me, for my yoke is comfortable and my lordship is gentle,
    and you will find rest for yourselves."
    Jesus says:
    90.1 "Come
    to me, for my yoke is gentle, and my lordship is mild.

    90.2 And you will find repose
    for yourselves."
    91 They
    said to him, "Tell us who you are so that we may believe in you."

    He said to
    them, "You examine the face of heaven and earth, but you have not come
    to know the one who is in your presence, and you do not know how to examine
    the present moment.
    91.1
    They said to him:

    "Tell
    us who you are so that we may believe in you."

    91.2 He
    said to them:

    "You
    examine the face of sky and earth,

    but
    the one who is before you, you have not recognized,

    and
    you do not know how to test this opportunity."
    92 Jesus
    said, "Seek and you will find.

    In the
    past, however, I did not tell you the things about which you asked me then.
    Now I am willing to tell them, but you are not seeking them."
    92.1
    Jesus says: "Seek and you will find.

    92.2 But
    the things you asked me about in past times,

    and
    what I did not tell you in that day,

    now
    I am willing to tell you, but you do not seek them."
    93
    "Don't give what is holy to dogs, for they might throw them upon the
    manure pile. Don't throw pearls [to] pigs, or they might ... it [...]."
    93.1
    "Do not give what is holy to the dogs,

    lest
    they throw it upon the dunghill.

    93.2 Do
    not throw pearls to swine,

    lest
    they turn &lt;them&gt; into [mud]."

    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt'
    With respect to 93.2, <span
    class=SpellE>Patt-Rob notes that "Alternative restorations are
    possible, for instance: 'lest they [destroy] &lt;them&gt;' or 'lest they
    break &lt;them&gt; [into pieces]."
    94 Jesus
    [said], "One who seeks will find, and for [one who knocks] it will be
    opened."
    Jesus [says]:
    94.1 "The
    one who seeks will find.

    94.2 [The one who knocks], to
    that one will it be opened."
    95 [Jesus
    said], "If you have money, don't lend it at interest. Rather, give [it]
    to someone from whom you won't get it back."
    [Jesus says:]
    95.1 "If
    you have money, do not lend (it) out at interest.

    95.2 Rather, give [it] to the
    one from whom you will not get it [back]."
    96 Jesus
    [said], The Father's kingdom is like [a] woman. She took a little leaven,
    [hid] it in dough, and made it into large loaves of bread. Anyone here with
    two ears had better listen!
    Jesus [says]:
    96.1 "The
    kingdom of the Father is like [a] woman.

    96.2 She
    took a little bit of yeast. [She] hid it in dough

    (and)
    made it into huge loaves of bread.

    96.3 Whoever has ears should
    hear."
    97 Jesus
    said, The [Father's] kingdom is like a woman who was carrying a [jar] full of
    meal. While she was walking along [a] distant road, the handle of the jar
    broke and the meal spilled behind her [along] the road. She didn't know it;
    she hadn't noticed a problem. When she reached her house, she put the jar
    down and discovered that it was empty.
    Jesus says:
    97.1 "The
    kingdom of the [Father] is like a woman

    who
    is carrying a [jar] filled with flour.

    97.2 While
    she was walking on [the] way, very distant (from home),

    the
    handle of the jar broke (and) the flour leaked out [on] the path.

    97.3 (But)
    she did not know (it); she had not noticed a problem.

    97.4 When
    she reached her house,

    she
    put the jar down on the floor (and) found it empty."
    98 Jesus
    said, The Father's kingdom is like a person who wanted to kill someone
    powerful. While still at home he drew his sword and thrust it into the wall
    to find out whether his hand would go in. Then he killed the powerful one.
    Jesus says:
    98.1 "The
    kingdom of the Father is like a man

    who
    wanted to kill a powerful one.

    98.2 He
    drew the sword in his house (and) stabbed it into the wall

    to
    test whether his hand would be strong (enough).

    98.3 Then
    he killed the powerful one."


    ('person' in 98.1 changed to 'man'
    and 'one' -- MWG)
    99 The
    disciples said to him, "Your brothers and your mother are standing
    outside."

    He said to
    them, "Those here who do what my Father wants are my brothers and my
    mother. They are the ones who will enter my Father's kingdom."
    99.1
    The disciples said to him:

    "Your
    brothers and your mother are standing outside."

    99.2 He
    said to them: "Those here, who do the will of my Father,

    they
    are my brothers and my mother.

    99.3 They are the ones who will
    enter the kingdom of my Father."
    100 They
    showed Jesus a gold coin and said to him, "The Roman emperor's people
    demand taxes from us."

    He said to
    them, "Give the emperor what belongs to the emperor, give God what
    belongs to God, and give me what is mine."
    100.1
    They showed Jesus a gold coin and said to him:

    "Caesar’s
    people demand taxes from us."

    100.2 He
    said to them: "Give Caesar (the things) that are Caesar’s.

    100.3 Give
    God (the things) that are God’s.

    100.4 And
    what is mine give me."
    101
    "Whoever does not hate [father] and mother as I do cannot be my
    [disciple], and whoever does [not] love [father and] mother as I do cannot be
    my [disciple]. For my mother [...], but my true [mother] gave me life."
    101.1
    "Whoever does not hate his [father] and his mother as I do

    will
    not be able to be a [disciple] of mine.

    101.2 And
    whoever does [not] love his [father and] his mother as I do

    will
    not be able to be a [disciple] of mine.

    101.3 For
    my mother [...], but my true [mother] gave me life."

    style='margin-bottom:6.0pt'
    102 Jesus
    said, "Damn the Pharisees! They are like a dog sleeping in the cattle
    manger: the dog neither eats nor [lets] the cattle eat."
    Jesus says:
    102 "Woe to them, the Pharisees,
    for
    they are like a dog sleeping in a cattle trough,

    for
    it neither eats nor [lets] the cattle eat."
    103 Jesus
    said, "Congratulations to those who know where the rebels are going to
    attack. [They] can get going, collect their imperial resources, and be
    prepared before the rebels arrive."
    Jesus says:
    103 "Blessed
    is the man who knows at which point (of the house)

    the
    robbers are going to enter,

    so
    that [he] may arise to gather together his [domain]

    and
    gird his loins before they enter."

    ('person'
    changed to 'man' -- MWG)
    104 They
    said to Jesus, "Come, let us pray today, and let us fast."

    Jesus
    said, "What sin have I committed, or how have I been undone? Rather,
    when the groom leaves the bridal suite, then let people fast and pray."
    104.1
    They said to [Jesus]: "Come, let us pray and fast today!"

    104.2 Jesus
    said: "What sin is it that I have committed,

    or
    wherein have I been overcome?

    104.3 But
    when the bridegroom comes out of the wedding chamber,

    then
    let (us) fast and pray."
    105 Jesus
    said, "Whoever knows the father and the mother will be called the child
    of a whore."
    Jesus says:
    105 "Whoever
    will come to know father and mother,

    he
    will be called son of a whore."
    106 Jesus
    said, "When you make the two into one, you will become children of Adam,
    and when you say, 'Mountain, move from here!' it will move."
    Jesus says:
    106.1 "When
    you make the two into one, you will become sons of man.

    106.2 And
    when you say: 'Mountain, move away,' it will move away."
    107 Jesus
    said, The kingdom is like a shepherd who had a hundred sheep. One of them,
    the largest, went astray. He left the ninety- nine and looked for the one
    until he found it. After he had toiled, he said to the sheep, 'I love you
    more than the ninety- nine.'
    Jesus says:
    107.1 "The
    kingdom is like a shepherd who had a hundred sheep.

    107.2 One
    of them went astray, the largest.

    He
    left the ninety-nine, (and) he sought the one until he found it.

    107.3 After
    he had toiled, he said to the sheep:

    'I
    love you more than the ninety-nine.'"
    108 Jesus
    said, "Whoever drinks from my mouth will become like me; I myself shall
    become that person, and the hidden things will be revealed to him."
    Jesus says:
    108.1 "Whoever
    will drink from my mouth will become like me.

    108.2 I
    myself will become he,

    108.3 and
    what is hidden will be revealed to him."
    109 Jesus
    said, The (Father's) kingdom is like a person who had a treasure hidden in
    his field but did not know it. And [when] he died he left it to his [son].
    The son [did] not know about it either. He took over the field and sold it.
    The buyer went plowing, [discovered] the treasure, and began to lend money at
    interest to whomever he wished.
    Jesus says:
    109.1 "The
    kingdom is like a man who has a hidden treasure in his field

    [of
    which] he knows nothing.

    109.2 And
    [after] he had died, he left it to his [son].

    (But)
    the son did not know (about it either).

    He
    took over that field (and) sold [it].

    109.3 And
    the one who had bought it came,

    and
    while he was ploughing [he found] the treasure.

    He
    began to lend money at interest to whom he wished."


    ('person' changed to 'man' in 109.1
    -- MWG)
    110 Jesus
    said, "Let one who has found the world, and has become wealthy, renounce
    the world."
    Jesus says:
    111 "The
    one who has found the world (and) has become wealthy

    should
    renounce the world."
    111 Jesus
    said, "The heavens and the earth will roll up in your presence, and
    whoever is living from the living one will not see death."

    Does not
    Jesus say, "Those who have found themselves, of them the world is not
    worthy"?
    Jesus says:
    111.1 "The
    heavens will roll up before you, and the earth.

    111.2 And
    whoever is living from the Living One will not see death."

    -
    111.3 Does
    not Jesus say:

    "Whoever
    has found himself, of him the world is not worthy"?
    112 Jesus
    said, "Damn the flesh that depends on the soul. Damn the soul that
    depends on the flesh."
    Jesus says:
    112.1 "Woe
    to the flesh that depends on the soul.

    112.2 Woe
    to the soul that depends on the flesh."
    113 His
    disciples said to him, "When will the kingdom come?"

    "It
    will not come by watching for it. It will not be said, 'Look, here!' or
    'Look, there!' Rather, the Father's kingdom is spread out upon the earth, and
    people don't see it."
    113.1
    His disciples said to him:

    "The
    kingdom -- on what day will it come?"

    -
    113.2 "It
    will not come by watching (and waiting) for it.

    113.3 They
    will not say: ‘Look here!’ or ‘Look there!’

    113.4 Rather,
    the kingdom of the Father is spread out upon the earth,

    and
    people do not see it."
    [Saying added to the original
    collection at a later date:]

    114 Simon
    Peter said to them, "Make Mary leave us, for females don't deserve
    life." Jesus said, "Look, I will guide her to make her male, so
    that she too may become a living spirit resembling you males. For every
    female who makes herself male will enter the kingdom of Heaven."
    114.1
    Simon Peter said to them:

    "Let
    Mary go away from us, for women are not worthy of life."

    114.2 Jesus
    said: "Look, I will draw her in so as to make her male,

    so
    that she too may become a living male spirit, similar to you."

    114.3 ( But
    I say to you: ) "Every woman who makes herself male

    will enter the kingdom of heaven."
    END

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