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Thread: A Theory of Einstein the Irrational Plagiarist

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    Default A Theory of Einstein the Irrational Plagiarist

    A Theory of Einstein the Irrational Plagiarist

    Christopher Jon Bjerknes – The Canberra Times September 19, 2006

    The name "Einstein" evokes images of a good-humoured genius, who revolutionised our concepts of space, time, energy, mass and motion. Time named Albert Einstein "person of the century". The language itself has incorporated "Einstein" into our common vocabulary as a synonym for extraordinary brilliance. Many consider Einstein to have been the finest mind in recorded human history.

    That is the popular image, fostered by textbooks, the media, and hero worshiping physicists and historians. However, when one reads the scientific literature written by Einstein's contemporaries, a quite different picture emerges: one of an irrational plagiarist, who manipulated credit for their work.

    Einstein is perhaps most famous for the special theory of relativity, published in 1905 in the German physics journal, Annalen der Physik. The paper was devoid of references, a fact that Einstein's friend and Nobel prize winner for physics, Max Born, found troubling.

    "The striking point is that it contains not a single reference to previous literature," Born stated in 1955, before the International Relativity Conference in Bern. "It gives you the impression of quite a new venture. But that is, of course, as I have tried to explain, not true."

    Though Einstein's 1905 article contained no references, it was so strikingly similar to a paper written by Hendrik Lorentz the previous year, that Walter Kaufmann and Max Planck felt a need to publicly point out that Einstein had merely provided a metaphysical reinterpretation and generalisation of Lorentz' scientific theory, a metaphysical reinterpretation and generalisation Henri Poincare had already published.

    As Charles Nordmann, astronomer to the Paris Observatory, pointed out: "It is really to Henri Poincare, the great Frenchman whose death has left a void that will never be filled, that we must accord the merit of having first proved, with the greatest lucidity and the most prudent audacity, that time and space, as we know them, can only be relative. A few quotations from his works will not be out of place. They will show that the credit for most of the things which are currently attributed to Einstein is, in reality, due to Poincare."

    Einstein acknowledged the fact, but justified his plagiarism in a cavalier fashion in Annalen der Physik in 1907. "It appears to me that it is the nature of the business that what follows has already been partly solved by other authors. Despite that fact, since the issues of concern are here addressed from a new point of view, I believe I am entitled to leave out a thoroughly pedantic survey of the literature, all the more so because it is hoped that these gaps will yet be filled by other authors, as has already happened with my first work on the principle of relativity through the commendable efforts of Mr. Planck and Mr. Kaufmann."

    The completed field equations of the general theory of relativity were first deduced by David Hilbert, a fact Einstein was forced to acknowledge in 1916, after he had plagiarised them from Hilbert in late 1915. Paul Gerber solved the problem of the perihelion of Mercury in 1898. Physicist Ernst Gehrcke gave a lecture on the theory of relativity in the Berlin Philharmonic on August 24, 1920, and publicly confronted Einstein, who was in attendance, with Einstein's plagiarism of Lorentz' mathematical formalisms of the special theory of relativity, Palagyi's space-time concepts, Varicak's non-Euclidean geometry and of the plagiarism of the mathematical solution of the problem of the perihelion of Mercury first arrived at by Gerber. Gehrcke addressed Einstein to his face and told the crowd that the emperor had no clothes.

    This was Einstein's response published in the Berliner Tageblatt und Handels-Zeitung on August 27, 1920, translated into English in the book Albert Einstein's Theory of General Relativity edited by Gerald E. Tauber: ". . . Gerber, who has given the correct formula for the perihelion motion of Mercury before I did. The experts are not only in agreement that Gerber's derivation is wrong through and through, but the formula cannot be obtained as a consequence of the main assumption made by Gerber. Mr Gerber's work is therefore completely useless, an unsuccessful and erroneous theoretical attempt.

    "I maintain that the theory of general relativity has provided the first real explanation of the perihelion motion of mercury. I have not mentioned the work by Gerber originally, because I did not know it when I wrote my work on the perihelion motion of Mercury; even if I had been aware of it, I would not have had any reason to mention it."

    The fact that Einstein was a plagiarist is common knowledge in the physics community. What isn't so well-known is that the sources Einstein parroted were also largely unoriginal. In 1919, writing in the Philosophical Magazine Harry Bateman, a British mathematician and physicist who had emigrated to the United States, unsuccessfully sought acknowledgment of his work.

    "The appearance of Dr Silberstein's recent article on General Relativity without the Equivalence Hypothesis encourages me to restate my own views on the subject," Bateman wrote.

    "I am perhaps entitled to do this as my work on the subject of general relativity was published before that of Einstein and Kottler, and appears to have been overlooked by recent writers."

    My book is a documentation of Einstein's plagiarism of the theory of relativity. It discloses his method for manipulating credit for the work of his contemporaries, reprints the prior works he parroted, and demonstrates that he could not have drawn his conclusions without prior knowledge of the works he copied but failed to reference.

    Numerous republished quotations from Einstein's contemporaries prove that they were aware of his plagiarism. Side-by-side comparisons of Einstein's words juxtaposed to those of his predecessors prove the almost verbatim repetition. There is even substantial evidence presented in the book that Einstein plagiarised the work of his first wife, Mileva Maric, who had plagiarised others.


    Mr Bjerknes, an American historian of science, has authored six books on Einstein and the theory of relativity. Albert Einstein: The Incorrigible Plagiarist (ISBN 0971962987)

    The Canberra Times

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    Default Re: A Theory of Einstein the Irrational Plagiarist

    Was Einstein WRONG?
    Scientists probe supermassive BLACK HOLE to disprove theory of gravity


    By Tom Fish PUBLISHED: Nov 12, 2018


    ALBERT Einstein's theory of gravity is "fraying around the edges" and requires revision, according to an eminent astrophysicist probing a supermassive black hole at the centre of our galaxy.



    Einstein's general theory of relativity, which he published in 1916, is one of the towering achievements of 20th-century physics.

    The Austrian physicist's theory explains what we perceive as gravity arises from the curvature of space and time.

    All masses create gravity and the greater an object is the more gravity it has.

    But an astronomer thinks the theory is in need of an update and the key could be hidden in a supermassive black hole in the centre of the Milky Way.

    Professor Andrea Ghez, who led a 20-year-long black hole experiment, thinks there are a number of shortcomings in Einstein's theories that need to be tackled.

    Einstein’s ideas don’t completely explain everything:

    Professor Andrea Ghez said:

    “Exploring the universe offers an opportunity to see the most extreme forms of gravity, what we are seeing today is Einstein’s ideas don’t completely explain everything.”

    “You can hark back to the days of Newton – who had the previous best description of gravity –and at some point we realised we had to move beyond Newton, to get a more complete vision.”

    “It is not to say these ideas are wrong, it is they are too simple – they don’t explain how gravity or the universe works in all conditions.”


    Einstein's theory of gravity: The legendary scientist's grand theory seems to require revision


    Einstein theory of gravity: Scientists have studied the gravitational effects of a black hole.

    “As we explore these more and more extreme conditions we see that there is something missing.
    The research team used cutting-edge optic technology to measure the orbits of stars near the middle of our Milky Way.
    Timescales in astrophysics are really long, for instance, the Sun takes 200 million years to go around our galaxy.
    But the closer you get to the heart of the galaxy, the shorter the time scales become.”

    Professor Ghez explained:

    "We were able to probe close enough to be able to see stars in orbit on a decade timescale.
    “There is a star I like to call S0-2 and it goes round every 16 years.”
    “It is a star that gave the very first evidence that supermassive black holes really do exist.”
    “You watch it go around once and it increased the evidence of black holes by a factor of 10 million by this experiment.”


    Einstein gravity theory: What we perceive as gravity arises from the curvature of space and time


    Einstein gravity theory: Could the theory be in need of an update?

    This 16-year-long mapping of S0-2’s orbit allowed the team to test how gravity works near a supermassive black hole – a mysterious object weighing some 4 million suns.
    Professor Ghez said:

    “We were looking for a slight hesitation of how you perceive a star to move as it goes through its closest approach to the black hole.”

    “That happened this past summer, and that hesitation tells us how gravity is co-mingling space and time.”
    “We have basically opened up a new approach to studying supermassive black holes through the orbits of stars.”

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